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In this study we first evaluated the general radioprotective efficacy of Se, Zn and Mn (4 µg/ml each) plus Lachesis muta venom (4 ng/ml) combination (O-LM) by determining survival on rats irradiated with lethal doses of gamma-rays. The aim of the second part of the study was to investigate the O-LM ability to prevent ionizing radiation-induced damage on(More)
The aim of this study was to improve knowledge about histamine radioprotective potential investigating its effect on reducing ionising radiation-induced injury and genotoxic damage on the rat small intestine and uterus. Forty 10-week-old male and 40 female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into 4 groups. Histamine and histamine-5Gy groups received a daily(More)
PURPOSE To examine the protective effects of histamine on intestinal damage produced by gamma-radiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS 56 mice were divided into 4 groups. Histamine and Histamine-10 Gy groups received a daily subcutaneous histamine injection (0.1 mg/kg) starting 20 hours before irradiation and continued until the end of the experimental period;(More)
There is increasing evidence that describes a histamine role in normal and cancer cell proliferation. To better understand the importance of histamine in breast cancer development, the expression of histamine H3 (H3R) and H4 (H4R) receptors and their association with proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), histidine decarboxylase (HDC) and histamine(More)
In this study we evaluated in vivo the tolerance induced by the combination of Se, Zn and Mn (4 microg/ml each) plus Lachesis muta venom (4 ng/ml) (O-LM) to high doses of ionizing radiation. The protective effect of O-LM was investigated on the small-intestine and bone marrow of mice irradiated with a single whole-body dose of 10 Gy employing a (137)Cs(More)
PURPOSE Xerostomia is a common, disturbing side-effect among patients treated with radiotherapy for head-and-neck cancer. The aim of the present work was to investigate whether histamine could prevent salivary gland dysfunction and histological alterations exerted by ionising radiation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Forty-eight rats were divided into four groups.(More)
Glibenclamide (Gli) binds to the sulphonylurea receptor (SUR) that is a regulatory subunit of ATP-sensitive potassium channels (KATP channels). Binding of Gli to SUR produces the closure of KATP channels and the inhibition of their activity. This drug is widely used for treatment of type 2-diabetes and it has been signaled as antiproliferative in several(More)
We have previously reported that histamine at micromolar concentrations reduces the proliferation of melanoma cell lines. It is also known that melanoma cells express histamine H1, H2, and H3 receptors. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of histamine H4 receptor (H4R) in human melanoma cells and its associated biological processes. To(More)
The aim of this study was to develop an experimental model for the study of cancer associated with diabetes. For diabetes induction, Sprague-Dawley rats were given streptozotocin (STZ, 90 mg/kg body weight (BW), by intraperitoneal injection on the second day of life. For mammary tumour induction, rats were injected with 50 mg/kg BW of N-nitroso-N-methylurea(More)
We investigated the use of a live, attenuated Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi vaccine strain as an antitumor immunotherapy. Mice bearing a subcutaneous tumor (LM3 mammary adenocarcinoma) were immunized on three occasions with S. Typhi strain CVD 915 by injection into the tumor, the peritumoral tissue and the draining lymph node areas; this procedure was(More)