Mátyás Sándor

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Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an animal model for multiple sclerosis (MS) characterized by chronic inflammatory demyelination of the central nervous system (CNS). The pathology of EAE involves autoimmune CD4(+) T(h)1 cells. There is a striking inverse correlation between the occurrence of parasitic and autoimmune diseases. We(More)
The family of receptors for IgG (Fc gamma R) plays an essential role in antibody-mediated effector functions of the immune system. However, the specific contribution of each of the Fc gamma R classes to in vivo immune reactions is still unclear. Here, we demonstrate that mice deficient for the ligand-binding alpha chain of Fc gamma RIII lack NK(More)
The contribution of dendritic cells (DCs) to initiating T cell-mediated immune response in and T cell homing into the CNS has not yet been clarified. In this study we show by confocal microscopy and flow cytometry that cells expressing CD11c, CD205, and MHC class II molecules and containing fluorescently labeled, processed Ag accumulate at the site of(More)
The role of complement components in traumatic brain injury is poorly understood. Here we show that secondary damage after acute cryoinjury is significantly reduced in C3-/- or C5-/- mice or in mice treated with C5a receptor antagonist peptides. Injury sizes and neutrophil extravasation were compared. While neutrophil density increased following traumatic(More)
The NLR gene family mediates host immunity to various acute pathogenic stimuli, but its role in chronic infection is not known. This paper addressed the role of NLRP3 (NALP3), its adaptor protein PYCARD (ASC), and caspase-1 during infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). Mtb infection of macrophages in culture induced IL-1beta secretion, and this(More)
CD4(+) helper T cells (Th) have been demonstrated to participate in the chronic phase of traumatic injury repair in the central nervous system (CNS). Here, we show that CD4(+) T cells can also contribute to the severity of the acute phase of CNS traumatic injury. We compared the area of tissue damage and the level of cellular apoptosis in aseptic cerebral(More)
T-cell recruitment into the brain is critical in inflammatory and autoimmune diseases of the CNS. We use intracerebral antigen microinjection and tetramer technology to track antigen-specific CD8+ T-cells in the CNS and to clarify the contribution of antigen deposition or traumatic injury to the accumulation of T-cells in the brain. We demonstrate that,(More)
The central nervous system (CNS) is an immune-privileged site where the role of immune cells and mediators in traumatic brain injury is poorly understood. Previously we have demonstrated that interleukin (IL)-6, a cytokine that acts on a wide range of tissues influencing cell growth and differentiation, is an agonist for vascular endothelial growth factor(More)
TLR9 activation is important for the maintenance of mycobacteria-elicited pulmonary granulomatous responses, hallmarks of protective immune responses following mycobacterial infection. However, the mechanism or mechanisms underlying this effect of TLR9 are not clear. Here, we show that Tlr9-deficient mice challenged with a Mycobacterium antigen display an(More)
Substance P (SP) is a modulatory, pro-inflammatory neuropeptide. We investigated the role of the SP receptor, neurokinin-1 (NK-1), in EAE. Our data show that in the chronic phase, mice lacking NK-1 have improved mobility and decreased numbers of LFA-1 high CD4+ T cells and MOG-specific, IFN-gamma producing CD4+ T cells. SR140333, an NK-1 antagonist,(More)