Márta Balaskó

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Long-term regulation of energy balance involves two major trends: first age-related obesity develops in the middle-aged, later it is followed by anorexia of aging (sarcopenia and/or cachexia). A dynamic balance between orexigenic and anorexigenic neuropeptides is essential for the regulation of energy homeostasis. Special imbalances of neuropeptide effects(More)
This study measured the affective experience of 12 subjects reading grammatically correct and incorrect versions of 50 sentences, Questionnaire I, in their second language (French). This was followed by a multiple choice grammar test, Questionnaire II, using the same 50 sentences and offering the correct and incorrect answers. Subjects tended to choose(More)
Intracerebroventricular injections of 10-20-microg orexin-A induce food intake in rats for about 30 min, or enhance fasting-induced hyperphagia. In thermoregulatory studies, an amount of 2 microg of the peptide causes hypometabolism and hypothermia in the same period. The thermoregulatory reaction can be demonstrated at moderately cool environments, mainly(More)
Juvenile green iguanas were placed in a situation of conflict between two motivations: a thermoregulatory drive and the attraction of a palatable bait. To be able to reach the bait (lettuce), they had to leave a warm refuge, provided with standard food, and venture into a cold environment. In experiment 1 the time interval between sessions with bait,(More)
UNLABELLED Changes of the anorexigenic and hypermetabolic components of the overall catabolic effect of alpha-MSH were studied in rats as a function of age. In male Wistar rats a 7 day-long intracerebroventricular infusion of alpha-MSH suppressed food intake and caused a fall in body weight in 2 and 3-4 month-old (young) groups, but it was most effective in(More)
Hypothermia occurs in the most severe cases of systemic inflammation, but the mechanisms involved are poorly understood. This study evaluated whether the hypothermic response to bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is modulated by the endocannabinoid anandamide(AEA) and its receptors: cannabinoid-1 (CB1), cannabinoid-2 (CB2) and transient receptor potential(More)
Cardiometabolic disorders have been shown to impair coronary microvascular functions leading to diminished cardiac performance and increased mortality. In this review, we focus on the molecular pathomechanisms of impaired endothelium-dependent and flow-induced dysregulation of coronary vasomotor tone in cardiometabolic disorders such as obesity, diabetes(More)
Cholecystokinin (CCK) is anorexic, irrespective whether it is applied intraperitoneally (IP) or intracerebroventricularly (ICV) in male Wistar rats. The metabolic effects depend on the route of administration: by the IP route it elicits hypothermia (presumably by type-1 receptors, CCK1R-s), while ICV administration is followed by fever-like hypermetabolism(More)
Anorexia of aging is a physiologic decrease in food intake, which gradually leads to weight loss accompanied by age-related changes in body composition. Animal experiments have revealed that advanced age is associated with altered regulation of food intake and energy homeostasis: suppression of orexigenic mechanisms mediated by neuropeptide Y, orexins, and(More)
With advancing age most aspects of the peptidergic regulation of energy balance are altered. The alteration involves both the peripheral peptides derived from the adipose tissue or the gastrointestinal tract and the peptides of the central nervous system (brainstem and hypothalamus). In general, the expression of orexigenic peptides and their receptors(More)