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Nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to act as a potent antifibrogenic agent by decreasing myofibroblast differentiation. S-Nitroso-N-acetylcysteine (SNAC), a NO donor, attenuates liver fibrosis in rats, but the cellular and molecular mechanisms on liver myofibroblast-like phenotype still remain unknown. Here, we investigate the antifibrotic effects of SNAC on(More)
The role of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and cardiovascular events is unclear. The aim of this study was to evaluate the direct effect of HCV on cardiovascular risk and correlate it with pro and anti-inflammatory cytokines in patients with HCV. HCV monoinfected patients, genotype 1, naive, non-obese (BMI<30) and(More)
BACKGROUND Infections after liver transplantations are the most important cause of morbi-mortality. In this study, we assessed the main characteristics of these infections in a southern Brazilian university hospital. METHODS We conducted a retrospective cohort with 55 patients who underwent orthotopic liver transplantation between 1996 and 2000 in the(More)
BACKGROUND The detection of hepatitis C virus antibody (anti-HCV) by enzyme immunoassay to screen HCV infection in HIV-1-infected individuals may yield false negative results, especially in patients with advanced immunosuppression. In such cases, a diagnosis would be possible only by use of a viral RNA detection technique. Third-generation anti-HCV enzyme(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) often triggers acute-on-chronic liver failure (ACLF). Acute kidney injury (AKI) is frequent and correlates with higher mortality in such cases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria in the prediction of death in cirrhotic patients after an episode of(More)
OBJECTIVE This study compared three methods of assessing malnutrition in cirrhotics and correlated nutritional status with clinical outcome. METHODS This cross-sectional study evaluated nutritional status by subjective global assessment (SGA), prognostic nutritional index (PNI), and handgrip strength (HG) in outpatients with cirrhosis (n = 50) and two(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Transient elastometry is a noninvasive procedure used to measure fibrosis when patients are diagnosed with liver disease; it might be used to monitor changes over time. We investigated whether there are short-term variations in stiffness measurements that are not attributable to changes in fibrosis by studying patients with stable liver(More)
Introduction Crohn’s disease (CD) may lead to protein and calorie malnutrition (PCM) secondary to impaired digestive and absorptive functions of the small intestine and sometimes to the influence of diet taboos. The earlier the PCM is diagnosed, the higher are the odds of reversal. The objective of this study was to compare different methods of nutritional(More)
BACKGROUND Malnutrition is frequent in cirrhotic patients, and its assessment is difficult. Functional assessment through a dynamometer is a simple method and could minimize these drawbacks. Harris-Benedict prediction formulae estimates the resting energy expenditure but has not been validated for this population. One alternative is the use of indirect(More)