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PURPOSE The aim of this work is to study, by means of computational simulations, the induction and sustaining of nonsynaptic epileptiform activity. METHODS The computational model consists of a network of cellular bodies of neurons and glial cells connected to a three-dimensional (3D) network of juxtaposed extracellular compartments. The extracellular(More)
Structural rearrangement of the dentate gyrus has been described as the underlying cause of many types of epilepsies, particularly temporal lobe epilepsy. It is said to occur when aberrant connections are established in the damaged hippocampus, as described in human epilepsy and experimental models. Computer modelling of the dentate gyrus circuitry and the(More)
Computational modeling of spreading depression (SD) has been used increasingly to study the different mechanisms that are involved in this phenomenon. One of them that is still under discussion involves the mechanisms that originate the extracellular electrical field responsible for the dc potential shift. The main goal of this paper is to present a(More)
A mathematical description of the restoring ionic mechanisms in a compartmentalized electrochemical model of neuronal tissues was developed aiming at studying the essential conditions for refractoriness of Leão's spreading depression (SD). The model comprehends the representation of a plexiform layer, composed by synaptic terminals and glial process(More)
The ATP hydrolysis reactions responsible for the Na(+)/K(+)-ATPase phosphorylation, according to recent experimental evidences, also occur for the PTX-Na(+)/K(+) pump complex. Moreover, it has been demonstrated that PTX interferes with the enzymes phosphorylation status. However, the reactions involved in the PTX-Na(+)/K(+) pump complex phosphorylation are(More)
Non-synaptic mechanisms are being considered the common factor of brain damage in status epilepticus and alcohol intoxication. The present work reports the influence of the chronic use of ethanol on epileptic processes sustained by non-synaptic mechanisms. Adult male Wistar rats administered with ethanol (1, 2 e 3 g/kg/d) during 28 days were compared with(More)
The simulation of cerebral phenomena, such spreading depression wave (SD), involves the modeling of large-scale neuronal populations. Consequently, the processing time and the computational resource costs become elevate. The goal of this work is to apply the parallel programming techniques on the simulation of SD in a three-dimensional representation of the(More)
In the study of the spreading depression (SD) wave phenomenon and its dynamics, it is necessary to describe the ionic movements along the extracellular space, as well as between this and the intracellular space. In both cases, the ionic movement includes a double coupling involving the concentration and the potential gradients and hence must be described by(More)
The important role of cation-chloride co-transporters in epilepsy is being supported by an increasing number of investigations. However, enormous complexity is involved since the action of these co-transporters has effects on the ionic homeostasis influencing directly the neuronal excitability and the tissue propensity to sustain seizure. To unravel the(More)
The epilepsies constitute one of the most common serious brain disorders and know no geographic, social, or racial boundaries, occurring in men and women and affecting people of all ages, though more frequently affecting young people in the first two decades of life and people over the age of 60 [1,2]. Worldwide, there are at least 50 million people who(More)