Mária Szücs

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The CB(1) cannabinoid receptor antagonist N-(piperidin-1-yl)-5-(4-chlorophenyl)-1-(2,4-dichlorophenyl)-4-methyl-1H-pyrazole-3-carboxamide hydrochloride (SR141716) has been shown by many investigators to inhibit basal G-protein activity, i.e., to display inverse agonism at high concentrations. However, it is not clear whether this effect is cannabinoid CB(1)(More)
Prolonged exposure to opioid agonists can induce adaptive changes resulting in tolerance and dependence. Here, rats were rendered tolerant by subcutaneous injections of increasing doses of morphine from 10 to 60 mg/kg for 3, 5, or 10 consecutive days. Binding parameters of the mu-opioid receptor in subcellular fractions were measured with [(3)H]DAMGO(More)
Several studies using selective opioid agonists or mice with a deletion of the mu-opioid receptor, have shown that morphine dependence is essentially due to chronic stimulation of mu- but not delta-opioid receptors. Because dependence is assumed to be related to persistent intracellular modifications, we have investigated modifications putatively induced by(More)
Stereoselectivity of the binding sites for the specific kappa-opioid agonist [3H]U-69593, a benzeneacetamido based ligand was investigated in membrane suspension prepared from frog and rat brain, as well as guinea pig cerebellum, using the pure chiral forms of different unlabelled opiates. The ligand binding sites showed stereospecificity with at least(More)
Active opioid receptors were solubilized from frog (Rana esculenta) brain membrane fractions by the use of 1% digitonin. It was found by kinetic as well as by equilibrium measurements that both the membrane and the solubilized fractions contain two binding sites. For the membrane preparations, KD values were 0.9 and 3.6 nM, and Bmax values were 293 and 734(More)
The mu-opioid receptor (MOR) couples to multiple G proteins, of which coupling to Gs has long been debated. As expected, in opioid naive Chinese hamster ovary cells expressing recombinant MOR, the predominant action of [D-Ala2,N-Me-Phe4,Gly5-ol]-enkephalin (DAMGO) is inhibitory. However, inactivation of Gi/Go proteins via pertussis toxin (PTX) unmasks its(More)
In the present work, eight conformationally constrained analogues of the mu specific opioid peptide dermorphin were synthesized by replacing D-Ala2 with stereoisomers of beta-amino-cycloalkane or cycloalkene carboxylic acids. The resulting peptides were tested for their potency to mu and delta opioid binding sites of rat brain membranes labelled with(More)
Pregnancy and its hormonal simulation via 17beta-estradiol (E(2)) and progesterone (P) are associated with spinal opioid antinociception, primarily driven by augmented dynorphin/kappa-opioid activity. This study addresses the ovarian sex steroid-activated mechanism(s) that underlie this activation using an ex vivo spinal cord preparation. In lumbar spinal(More)
Human brain tumors (obtained as surgical specimens) and nude mouse-borne human neuroblastomas and gliomas were analyzed for sigma and opioid receptor content. Sigma binding was assessed using [3H]1,3-di-o-tolylguanidine (DTG), whereas opoid receptor subtypes were measured with tritiated forms of the following: mu, [D-ala2,mePhe4,gly-ol5]enkephalin (DAMGE);(More)
Rat brain opioid receptors were solubilized with digitonin and a zwitterionic detergent, 3-[(3-cholamidopropyl)-dimethylammonio]-1-propanesulfonate (CHAPS). The yield of solubilization was 70-75% with digitonin and 30-35% with CHAPS. Kinetic and equilibrium studies performed from digitonin extracts resulted in KD values comparable with those of the membrane(More)