Márcio Alberto Torsoni

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Defective liver gluconeogenesis is the main mechanism leading to fasting hyperglycemia in type 2 diabetes, and, in concert with steatosis, it is the hallmark of hepatic insulin resistance. Experimental obesity results, at least in part, from hypothalamic inflammation, which leads to leptin resistance and defective regulation of energy homeostasis.(More)
Maternal consumption of a high-fat diet (HFD) during pregnancy and lactation is closely related to hepatic lipid accumulation, insulin resistance and increased serum cytokine levels in offspring and into their adulthood. MicroRNA (miRNA) have been implicated in cholesterol biosynthesis and fatty acid metabolism. We evaluated the modulation of hepatic fatty(More)
The mechanisms by which diet-induced obesity is associated with insulin resistance are not well established, and no study has until now integrated, in a temporal manner, functional insulin action data with insulin signaling in key insulin-sensitive tissues, including the hypothalamus. In this study, we evaluated the regulation of insulin sensitivity by(More)
The exposure to an increased supply of nutrients before birth may contribute to offspring obesity. Offspring from obese dams that chronically consume a high-fat diet present clinical features of metabolic syndrome, liver lipid accumulation and activation of c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) consistent with the development of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease(More)
Central leptin action requires PI3K activity to modulate glucose homeostasis and peripheral metabolism. However, the mechanism behind this phenomenon is not clearly understood. We hypothesize that hypothalamic PI3K activity is important for the modulation of the AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) pathway, PGC1 alpha, and AKT in(More)
We hypothesized that citrate might modulate the AMP-activated protein kinase/acetyl-CoA carboxylase (AMPK)/(ACC) pathway and participate in neuronal feeding control and glucose homeostasis. To address this issue, we injected citrate into the lateral ventricle of rats. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection of citrate diminished the phosphorylation of(More)
The hypothalamic AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) pathway is known to play an important role in the control of food intake and energy expenditure. Here, we hypothesize that citrate, an intermediate metabolite, activates hypothalamic ACC and is involved in the control of energy mobilization. Initially, we showed that ICV(More)
By acting in the brain, insulin suppresses food intake. However, little is known with regard to insulin signalling in the hypothalamus in insulin-resistant states. Western blotting, immunohistochemistry and polymerase chain reaction assays were combined to compare in vivo hypothalamic insulin signalling through the PI3-kinase and MAP kinase pathways between(More)
Insulin and leptin act in the hypothalamus, providing robust anorexigenic signals. The exposure of homeothermic animals to a cold environment leads to increased feeding, accompanied by sustained low levels of insulin and leptin. In the present study, the initial and intermediate steps of the insulin-signaling cascade were evaluated in the hypothalamus of(More)
Non-enzymatic glycation is implicated in the development of various diseases such as Alzheimer's and diabetes mellitus. However, it is also observed during the physiologic process of aging. There is considerable interest in the contribution of oxidative stress to diabetes mellitus. An increase in the generation of reactive oxygen species can occur by(More)