Márcia Margarete Menezes Pizzichini

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Methods to examine sputum for indices of airway inflammation are evolving. We have examined the repeatability and the validity of an improved method to measure sputum cells and fluid-phase eosinophil cationic protein (ECP), major basic protein (MBP), eosinophil-derived neurotoxin (EDN), albumin, fibrinogen, tryptase, and interleukin-5 (IL-5). Sputum was(More)
BACKGROUND Eosinophilic inflammation, which may be a consequence of interleukin-5 action, is a characteristic feature of some forms of asthma. However, in three previous clinical trials involving patients with asthma, blockade of this cytokine did not result in a significant improvement in outcomes. We studied the prednisone-sparing effect of mepolizumab, a(More)
Sputum examination is being used increasingly as a noninvasive method to assess airway inflammation. Expectorated sputum has variable contamination with saliva. Methods of processing have included the selection of portions of the sample considered to be representative of pulmonary origin versus use of the whole specimen, which is confounded by varying(More)
The role of inhaled corticosteroids in the management of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether sputum eosinophilia (defined as eosinophils > or = 3%) predicts clinical benefit from inhaled corticosteroid treatment in patients with smoking-related clinically stable(More)
Inhalation of hypertonic saline aerosol is a relatively noninvasive method to obtain sputum for examination of inflammatory processes in the airways. We investigated some technical factors which might influence the success of induction and sputum cell counts. In total, twenty six asthmatic and 13 healthy subjects, unable to raise sputum spontaneously,(More)
Clinicians have been interested in the macroscopic and protocol (fig 1), based on that described by Pin et al using a relatively low output ultrasonic nebuliser (output 0.9 ml/ microscopic appearance of sputum in asthma since the last half of the 19th century when Charcot-Leyden crystals, min, particle size 5.6 lm), results in successful sputum induction in(More)
We examined the feasibility of using induced sputum to evaluate the airway inflammatory response to natural acute respiratory virus infections. We recruited eight asthmatics and nine healthy subjects on Day 4 of a cold. Viral infection was confirmed in six of the asthmatics (influenza A or B) and six of the healthy subjects (influenza A, rhinovirus,(More)