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BACKGROUND Clarithromycin, amoxicillin, and a pump proton inhibitor are the most common drugs recommended as first-line triple therapy for H.pylori treatment, which results in eradication rates close to 80%, varying regionally, principally due to emergency cases and increases of clarithromycin resistant strains. Nucleotide substitutions at the H. pylori(More)
Triatoma infestans, the main vector of Chagas disease, has nearly been eliminated from Brazil. Nevertheless, other triatominae species are involved in the domiciliation process, including Triatoma rubrovaria in Rio Grande do Sul State (RS). Previous studies showed that 1.6% of the T. rubrovaria specimens collected at the rural district of Quaraí, RS, were(More)
A comparison of dengue virus (DENV) antibody levels in paired serum samples collected from predominantly DENV-naive residents in an agricultural settlement in Brazilian Amazonia (baseline seroprevalence, 18.3%) showed a seroconversion rate of 3.67 episodes/100 person-years at risk during 12 months of follow-up. Multivariate analysis identified male sex,(More)
BACKGROUND Differential methylation activity of the human rDNA in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients has been demonstrated by classic cytogenetic tools, indicating a decrease in rRNA gene expression. Methylation of CpGs is an important epigenetic mechanism involved in gene expression repression of tandem repeating genes during ageing. Thus, rDNA specific(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment effectiveness of Helicobacter pylori varies regionally and is decreasing worldwide, principally as a result of antibiotic resistant bacterium. Tetracycline is generally included in second line H. pylori eradication regimens. In Brazil, a high level of tetracycline resistance (TetR) is mainly associated with AGA926-928TTC 16 S rDNA(More)
The Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak that occurred in the northeast of Brazil in 2015 led to alarming numbers of babies born with microcephaly in this region. Since then, several studies have evaluated the relationship between ZIKV infection and development of the malformation although the specific mechanistic interaction between ZIKV and human physiological(More)
BACKGROUND Dengue fever (DF) outbreaks present regionally specific epidemiological and clinical characteristics. In certain medium-sized cities (100 000-250 000 inhabitants) of São Paulo State, Brazil, and after reaching an incidence of 150 cases/100 000 inhabitants ("epidemiological threshold"), clinical diagnosis indicated dengue virus (DENV) infection.(More)
stroke located in the left hemisphere. IgG and IgM antibodies against TOSV were detected in a serum sample obtained at that time. The patient was discharged 1 week later with slight aphasia. The most relevant common signs observed in patients 1 and 2 were the ischemic complications. Few cases of complicated encephalitis with sequelae caused by TOSV have(More)
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