Lyonel G. Israels

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The nucleoside analog, 2'-deoxycoformycin (dCF), and the alkylating agents, chlorambucil (CLB) and cyclophosphamide, are effective agents in the treatment of chronic B cell leukemias and lymphomas. The cyclophosphamide analog, 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide (4-HC), generates the same active metabolite as cyclophosphamide in cells and has been used(More)
Most antitumor agents exert their cytotoxic effect through the induction of apoptosis, and this process may be mediated through an elevation in p53 protein, with a subsequent increase in bax and decrease in bcl-2. p53 also increases mdm-2 expression and mdm-2 may then bind and inactivate p53. Cells from 31 patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)(More)
Four patients with refractory chronic lymphocytic leukemia were treated with the adenosine deaminase inhibitor, 2'-deoxycoformycin, and initially received 4 mg/m2 i.v. weekly. Clinical responses to therapy varied: Patient A had a minimal response; whereas Patient D showed an 85% decrease in lymphocyte count at 2 wk; and Patients B and C had intermediate(More)
A retrospective review of 1135 patients with paraproteinemias recorded 28 (2.5%) as having two M components. This group included 11 patients with myeloma, 6 with lymphoproliferative disease, 5 with a nonlymphoproliferative malignancy, and 6 with a double gammopathy of undetermined significance. In 13 cases in which the M components were measured over a(More)
Vitamin K3 inhibits the conversion of benzo(a)pyrene to its more polar metabolites in an in vitro rat liver microsomal system. Vitamin K3 also inhibits benzo(a)pyrene metabolism in rat liver fragments and reduces its mutagenicity in the Ames test. Higher concentrations of vitamin K3 are required to comparably reduce benzo(a)pyrene metabolism when the(More)
The levels of the vitamin K-dependent clotting factors are markedly lower in the human fetus and newborn than in older infants and adults. Direct measurement of vitamin K1 in cord plasma records low or undetectable levels. This phenomenon, although the norm, is referred to as vitamin K deficiency and is a significant risk factor for hemorrhage in the fetus(More)