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Benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) is associated with the early development of certain degenerative conditions, which may be associated with altered muscle activity. This pilot study compared muscle activation patterns during postural tasks between people with BJHS who do not have pain and people with normal flexibility (control group). Sixteen(More)
Inactivity and muscular adaptations following spinal cord injury (SCI) result in secondary complications such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, and pressure sores. Functional electrically stimulated (FES) cycling can potentially reduce these complications, but previous studies have provided inconsistent results. We studied the effect of intensive(More)
OBJECTIVES Prior injury to the knee, particularly anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, is known to predispose one to premature osteoarthritis (OA). The study sought to explore if there was a biomechanical rationale for this process by investigating changes in external knee moments between people with a history of ACL injury and uninjured participants(More)
Objectives. This study is to compare relationships between muscle size, strength, and power output (PO) in trained spinal cord injured (SCI) people and able-bodied (AB) people; and to compare methodologies for measuring PO during functional electrically stimulated (FES) cycling. Subjects. Trained SCI people (N= 5) and five AB subjects of similar physical(More)
Gait analysis is an important clinical tool. A variety of models are used for gait analysis, each yielding different results. Errors in model outputs can occur due to inaccurate marker placement and skin motion artefacts, which may be reduced using a cluster-based model. We aimed to compare a custom-made cluster model (ClusBB) with Vicon's plug-in gait. A(More)
People with severe degenerative conditions, such as osteoarthritis (OA), have been shown to have altered movement patterns during sit-to-stand. However it remains unclear whether such alterations exist in people with early OA, in the absence of pain. This study aimed to determine if a novel seat could be used to discriminate people with early OA compared(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in impaired function, and ankle joint spasticity is a common secondary complication. Different interventions have been trialed with variable results. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effects of pharmacological and physical (locomotor training) interventions on function in people living with incomplete motor(More)
An imbalance in the recruitment patterns of the quadriceps muscle has been implicated in patellofemoral knee pain; however ambiguity remains in the normal recruitment patterns of this muscle. We investigated the activity of the quadriceps muscle during the final degrees of knee extension, specifically in the medial and lateral components. Sixteen healthy(More)
Gait adaptations in people with severe knee osteoarthritis (OA) have been well documented, with increased knee adduction moments (KAM) the most commonly reported parameter. Neuromuscular adaptations have also been reported, including reduced postural control. However these adaptations may be the result of morphological changes in the joint, rather than the(More)