Lynsey Duffell

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Inactivity and muscular adaptations following spinal cord injury (SCI) result in secondary complications such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, and pressure sores. Functional electrically stimulated (FES) cycling can potentially reduce these complications, but previous studies have provided inconsistent results. We studied the effect of intensive(More)
Benign joint hypermobility syndrome (BJHS) is associated with the early development of certain degenerative conditions, which may be associated with altered muscle activity. This pilot study compared muscle activation patterns during postural tasks between people with BJHS who do not have pain and people with normal flexibility (control group). Sixteen(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal cord injury (SCI) results in impaired function, and ankle joint spasticity is a common secondary complication. Different interventions have been trialed with variable results. OBJECTIVE We investigated the effects of pharmacological and physical (locomotor training) interventions on function in people living with incomplete motor(More)
Gait analysis is an important clinical tool. A variety of models are used for gait analysis, each yielding different results. Errors in model outputs can occur due to inaccurate marker placement and skin motion artefacts, which may be reduced using a cluster-based model. We aimed to compare a custom-made cluster model (ClusBB) with Vicon's plug-in gait. A(More)
The objective of this study was to investigate whether an anti-spasticity medication can facilitate the effects of robotic locomotor treadmill training (LTT) to improve gait function in people with incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI). Individuals with chronic incomplete SCI were recruited and carried out a 4 week intervention of either locomotor treadmill(More)
OBJECTIVES Prior injury to the knee, particularly anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury, is known to predispose one to premature osteoarthritis (OA). The study sought to explore if there was a biomechanical rationale for this process by investigating changes in external knee moments between people with a history of ACL injury and uninjured participants(More)
The potential benefits of functional electrically stimulated (FES) cycling for people with spinal cord injury (SCI) are limited by the power output (PO) attainable. To understand why PO and metabolic efficiency are low, it is helpful to distinguish the effect of the SCI from the effects of electrical stimulation. The purpose of this study was to determine(More)
Objectives. This study is to compare relationships between muscle size, strength, and power output (PO) in trained spinal cord injured (SCI) people and able-bodied (AB) people; and to compare methodologies for measuring PO during functional electrically stimulated (FES) cycling. Subjects. Trained SCI people (N= 5) and five AB subjects of similar physical(More)
Gait adaptations in people with severe knee osteoarthritis (OA) have been well documented, with increased knee adduction moments (KAM) the most commonly reported parameter. Neuromuscular adaptations have also been reported, including reduced postural control. However these adaptations may be the result of morphological changes in the joint, rather than the(More)
Electrical stimulation (ES) improves muscle properties after spinal cord injury (SCI), but cycling power output (PO) remains low. We investigated the effect of endurance and strength ES training on these parameters. Assessments of quadriceps strength and fatigue resistance, cycling PO, and muscle biopsies were made in four well-trained SCI subjects (three(More)