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SAR studies for novel non-imidazole containing H(3) receptor antagonists with high potency and selectivity for rat H(3) receptors are described. A high throughput screening lead, A-923, was further elaborated in a systematic manner to clarify a pharmacophore for this class of aryloxyalkyl piperazine based compounds.
The synthesis and biological evaluation of novel antagonists of the rat H(3) receptor are described. These compounds differ from prototypical H(3) antagonists in that they do not contain an imidazole moiety, but rather a substituted aminopyrrolidine moiety. A systematic modification of the substituents on the aminopyrrolidine ring was performed using… (More)
Terazosin and its enantiomers, antagonists of alpha 1-adrenoceptors, were studied in radioligand binding and functional assays to determine relative potencies at subtypes of alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors in vitro. The racemic compound and its enantiomers showed high and apparently equal affinity for subtypes of alpha 1-adrenoceptors with Kl values in… (More)
A-131701 (3-[2-((3aR,9bR)-cis-6-methoxy-2,3,3a,4,5,9b, hexahydro-[1H]-benz[e]isoindol-2-yl)ethyl]pyrido [3',4': 4,5]thieno[3,2-d]pyrimidine-2,4(1H,3H)-dione) is a novel compound previously shown to be selective for alpha-1a sites compared with alpha-1b adrenoceptors in radioligand binding studies and isolated tissue bioassays and to block canine urethral… (More)
Structure-activity relationship studies on novel non-imidazole, D-amino acid containing ligands of histamine 3 receptors are presented. A-304121 is a D-alanine piperazine amide with high affinity at the rat H(3) receptor.
Most tissue sources for adrenoceptors contain a mixed population of alpha1- and/or alpha2-adrenoceptor subtypes; thus studies using non-specific radioligands are complicated by receptor heterogeneity. The examination of alpha1-adrenoceptor radioligand binding by radiolabeled terazosin and its enantiomers was simplified by using mouse fibroblast cells, which… (More)
Structure-activity studies were performed on the alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor (AR) selective agonist N-[5-(1H-imidazol-4-yl)-5,6,7,8-tetrahydro-1-naphthalenyl]methanesulfonamide (4). Compounds were evaluated for binding activity at the alpha(1A), alpha(1b), alpha(1d), alpha(2a), and alpha(2B) subtypes. Functional activity in tissues containing the alpha(1A)… (More)
In this study, we used a novel conscious dog model to evaluate the uroselectivity of selected alpha 1-antagonists either approved for human use or in clinical development for the treatment of symptomatic benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and compared those results to their in vitro binding and functional affinities at alpha 1A, alpha 1B and alpha 1D… (More)
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), common in aging males, is often treated with alpha(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists. To minimize hypotensive and other side effects, compounds with selective antagonist activity at alpha(1A)- and alpha(1D)- (compared with alpha(1B)-) adrenoceptors were evaluated that would block lower urinary tract alpha(1)-adrenoceptors in… (More)