Lynne M. Adams

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The utility of various measures of exploratory activity in rats was studied in order to develop an animal model of hallucinogens. A hole board chamber, connected by a door to a home cage, provided two test situations. Rats either were placed directly into the hole board with the door closed (forced exploration) or were placed in the home cage and, following(More)
A previously proposed animal model of lysergic acid diethylamide's (LSD) effects in humans was tested for its applicability to other hallucinogens, 2,5-dimethoxy-4-methyl amphetamine (DOM) and N,N-dimethyltryptamine (DMT). Both "free" and "forced" exploration tests in a behavioral pattern monitor were used to determine the effects of these hallucinogens on(More)
The disruption of the temporal distribution of investigatory responses by rats in a novel hole-board following lysergic acid diethylamide-25 (LSD), as described in a companion paper (Geyer and Light, 1979), was found to be a characteristic effect of a variety of hallucinogens. Similar effects were produced by indoleamine hallucinogens, such as LSD,(More)
To examine the possible involvement of the norepinephrine (NE) containing neurons of the locus coeruleus in the modulation of behavioral reactivity to sensory stimulation, bilateral chemical lesions of the locus coeruleus were made by local injection of the catecholamine neurotoxin 6-hydroxydopamine. Both histochemical and biochemical analyses confirmed the(More)
Tactile startle responding by male Sprague-Dawley rats given 60 presentations of air-puff stimuli (37.5 psi) was measured after the intraperitoneal administration of graded doses of hallucinogens and other psychoactive drugs. Among the drugs tested were the indoleamine-derived compounds, lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD), N,N-dimethyltryptamine and psilocin,(More)
A free exploration test was used to examine the effects of LSD on investigatory responding and locomotor activity in a novel environment. Rats were injected with 20–30 μg/kg LSD or saline prior to being placed in a home cage. After 10 min, a door was opened permitting entry into a larger holeboard chamber where crossovers, rearings, hole pokes, and routes(More)
In order to further validate a previously proposed animal model of the effects of LSD in humans, doses of 5, 15, 30 and 60 micrograms/kg lisuride (a non-hallucinogenic congener of LSD) were studied using a behavioral pattern monitor (BPM). The BPM provided both quantitative measures of crossovers, rearings, and holepokes and qualitative measures of spatial(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The mechanisms of excitotoxic cell death in cerebral ischemia are poorly understood. In addition to necrosis, apoptotic cell death may occur. The purpose of this study was to determine whether an established model of cerebral hypoxia-ischemia in the neonatal rat demonstrates any features of apoptosis. METHODS Seven-day-old neonatal(More)
Felbamate, a novel dicarbamate anticonvulsant that blocks the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor and protects the hippocampal slice from hypoxic damage, shows remarkably low toxicity in animals and in humans. Since most treatment of human cerebral ischemia will have to be delivered after the insult, we investigated the neuroprotective potency(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Felbamate, a novel anticonvulsant that binds to the glycine site of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor, has been shown to have neuroprotective properties in vitro and in vivo. In a rat pup model of hypoxia-ischemia, felbamate selectively reduced delayed death in hippocampal granule cells. The present study explores its neuroprotective(More)