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The intracellular bacterium Listeria monocytogenes can invade several types of normally non-phagocytic cells. Entry into cultured epithelial cells requires the expression of inIA, the first gene of an operon, comprising two genes: inIA, which encodes internalin, an 800-amino-acid protein, and inIB, which encodes a 630-amino-acid protein. Several genes(More)
InIB is one of the two Listeria monocytogenes invasion proteins required for bacterial entry into mammalian cells. Entry into human epithelial cells such as Caco-2 requires InIA, whereas InIB is needed for entry into cultured hepatocytes and some epithelial or fibroblast cell lines such as Vero, HEp-2 and HeLa cells. InIB-mediated entry requires tyrosine(More)
Listeria monocytogenes can use two different surface proteins, internalin (InlA) and InlB, to invade mammalian cells. The exact role of these invasiveness factors in vivo remains to be determined. In cultured cells, InlA is necessary to promote Listeria entry into human epithelial cells, such as Caco-2 cells, whereas InlB is necessary to promote Listeria(More)
Listeria monocytogenes is an intracellular bacterial pathogen that expresses several surface proteins critical for the infectious process. Such proteins include InlA (internalin) and InlB, involved in bacterial entry into the host cell, and ActA, required for bacterially induced actin-based motility. Although the molecular mechanisms of attachment of InlA(More)
InlB is a Listeria monocytogenes protein that promotes entry of the bacterium into mammalian cells by stimulating tyrosine phosphorylation of the adaptor proteins Gab1, Cbl and Shc, and activation of phosphatidyl- inositol (PI) 3-kinase. Using affinity chromatography and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, we demonstrate a direct interaction between InlB and(More)
The Listeria monocytogenes InlB protein is a 630-amino-acid surface protein that mediates entry of the bacterium into a wide variety of cell types, including hepatocytes, fibroblasts and epithelial cells such as Vero, HEp-2 and HeLa cells. Invasion stimulates host proteins tyrosine phosphorylation, PI 3-kinase activity and rearrangements in the actin(More)
The L. monocytogenes protein lnlB activates phosphoinositide 3-kinase and induces phagocytosis in several mammalian cell types. The 1.86 A resolution X-ray crystal structure of the leucine-rich repeat domain of lnlB that is both necessary and sufficient to induce phagocytosis is presented here. The structure supports a crucial role for calcium in host cell(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to accumulate behavioral validity evidence for physical activity Stage of Change (SOC). DESIGN Nine studies used a common physical activity SOC measure and examined self-report, objective, and performance physical activity indicators to accumulate behavioral validity evidence for SOC. Type of measure, the strength(More)
Morbidity and mortality are reliably lower for the married compared with the unmarried across a variety of illnesses. What is less well understood is how a couple uses their relationship for recommended lifestyle changes associated with decreased risk for illness. Partners for Life compared a patient and partner approach to behavior change with a patient(More)
Seven protein synthesis initiation factors were isolated from Krebs II ascites cells using the procedures developed for the purification of the corresponding factors from rabbit reticulocytes. The ascites factors display identical characteristics in ion exchange chromatography and sucrose density gradient sedimentation. Based on their profiles in SDS(More)