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- Lynne Billard
- J. Classification
- 2001

1. Research papers use a variety of methods for evaluating experiments designed to determine nutritional requirements of poultry. Growth trials result in a set of ordered pairs of data. Often, point-by-point comparisons are made between treatments using analysis of variance. This approach ignores that response variables (body weight, feed efficiency, bone… (More)

- A O Summers, J Wireman, +5 authors L Billard
- Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
- 1993

In a survey of 640 human subjects, a subgroup of 356 persons without recent exposure to antibiotics demonstrated that those with a high prevalence of Hg resistance in their intestinal floras were significantly more likely to also have resistance to two or more antibiotics. This observation led us to consider the possibility that mercury released from… (More)

The effects of a series of balanced dietary protein levels on egg production and egg quality parameters of laying hens from 18 through 74 wk of age were investigated. One hundred forty-four pullets (Bovans) were randomly assigned to individual cages with separate feeders including 3 different protein level series of isocaloric diets. Diets were separated… (More)

- Dora D Samuel, Lynne Billard, Dean Pringle, Louise Wicker
- Journal of the science of food and agriculture
- 2012

BACKGROUND
Pale broiler breast meat is a defect in commercial production operations. The incidence of pale broiler breast meat was examined in two commercial processing plants which had average growth rates of 59 g day(-1) and 46 g day(-1) and final average weights of 3.36 kg and 1.93 kg. Color measurements of dorsal and ventral surfaces and pH were… (More)

- G F Medley, R M Anderson, D R Cox, L Billard
- Nature
- 1987

Temporal trends in the prevalence of HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) infection are uncertain because of the reluctance of most governments to embark on large-scale programmes of serological surveillance. In the absence of such data, attempts have been made to relate the number of reported cases of AIDS (acquired immune deficiency syndrome) in a defined… (More)

- L Billard
- Biometrics
- 1994

The International Biometric Society is an international society for the advancement of biological science through the development of quantitative theories and the application, development and dissemination of effective mathematical and statistical techniques. We consider some of the nonscientific and scientific issues being addressed by researchers in and… (More)

- Mathieu Vrac, Lynne Billard, +5 authors A. Chédin
- 2017

Contemporary computers collect databases that can be too large for classical methods to handle. The present work takes data whose observations are distribution functions (rather than the single numerical point value of classical data) and presents the computational statistical approach of a new methodology to group the distributions into classes. The… (More)

- L. Billard, A. Douzal-Chouakria, E. Diday
- 2009

One feature of contemporary datasets is that instead of the single point value in the p-dimensional space < seen in classical data, the data may take interval values thus producing hypercubes in <. This paper extends the methodology of classical principal components to that for interval-valued data. Two methods are proposed, viz., a vertices method which… (More)

While the mathematical theory of epidemics has its origins with Ross (1911), it was not until Kryscio (1975) that explicit expressions for the state probabilities of the classical general epidemic model established by Bartlett (1949) were found. However, these formulae were of limited practical use when the population size was of even moderate size. By… (More)