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In recent years there has been growing interest in masking that cannot be attributed to interactions in the cochlea-so--called informational masking (IM). Similarity in the acoustic properties of target and masker and uncertainty regarding the masker are the two major factors identified with IM. These factors involve quite different manipulations of signals(More)
A general finding of psychoacoustic studies is that detectability d' of a noisy signal grows less than optimally with the number N of independent observations of the signal. Competing accounts implicate internal noise common to all observations or nonoptimal decision weights given to observations. A discriminant analysis of listeners' trial-by-trial(More)
Older adults are often reported in the literature to have greater difficulty than younger adults understanding speech in noise [Helfer and Wilber (1988). J. Acoust. Soc. Am, 859-893]. The poorer performance of older adults has been attributed to a general deterioration of cognitive processing, deterioration of cochlear anatomy, and/or greater difficulty(More)
Gilbertson and Lutfi [(2014). Hear. Res. 317, 9-14] report that older adults perform similarly to younger adults on a masked vowel discrimination task when the fundamental frequency (F0) of target and masker vowel differ but that the older adults perform more poorly when the F0 is the same. This paper presents an alternative analysis of those data to(More)
Further evidence is provided suggesting a primary dependence of informational masking (IM) on the stochastic separation of target and masker given by Simpson-Fitter's da [Lutfi et al. (2012). J. Acoust. Soc. Am. 132, EL109-113.]. The stimuli were synthesized impact sounds of plates played in sequence as masker-target-masker triads. Their spectra varied(More)
A fundamental property of hearing is that signals become more detectable as their bandwidth is increased. Two models have been proposed to account for this result. The integration model assumes that detection is mediated by the output of a single frequency channel matched in bandwidth to the signal. The multiple-looks model assumes that detection is based(More)
One of the leading causes of noise-induced hearing loss is occupational noise exposure; however, little attention has been given to the exposure among amusement ride operators. According to the International Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions, 600,000 ride operators are employed in the U.S. The first objective of this descriptive study was to(More)
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