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TNF-α has a multifunctional role in autoimmune diseases as reflected in the variable responses of different human diseases to anti-TNF-α therapy. Recent studies have suggested that TNF-α modulates autoimmunity partially via effects on regulatory T cells (Tregs) and that these effects are mediated through the type II TNFR (TNFR2). We have investigated the(More)
The development and homeostasis of γδ T cells is highly dependent on distinct cytokine networks. Here we examine the role of IL-15 and its unique receptor, IL-15Rα, in the development of IL-17-producing γδ (γδ-17) T cells. Phenotypic analysis has shown that CD44(high) γδ-17 cells express IL-15Rα and the common gamma chain (CD132), yet lack the IL-2/15Rβ(More)
A novel monoclonal antibody, 2E7, was shown by immunoprecipitation to be reactive with the alpha IEL beta 7 integrin and was employed to analyze the expression of this integrin in lymphocyte subsets and during T cell ontogeny. In adult lymph nodes, alpha IEL was expressed at low levels by 40-70% of CD8+ T cells and < 5% of CD4+ T cells. However, virtually(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are a family of transcription factors belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. Until recently, the genes regulated by PPARs were those believed to be predominantly associated with lipid metabolism. Recently, an immunomodulatory role for PPAR gamma has been described in cells critical to the(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism(s) responsible for the reduced risk of allergic disease in breastfed infants are not fully understood. Using an established murine model of asthma, we demonstrated previously that resistance to allergic airway disease transmitted from allergic mothers to breastfed offspring requires maternal B cell-derived factors. OBJECTIVE The(More)
The requirement of beta7 integrins for lymphocyte migration was examined during an ongoing immune response in vivo. Transgenic mice (OT-I) expressing an ovalbumin-specific major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted T cell receptor for antigen were rendered deficient in expression of all beta7 integrins or only the alphaEbeta7 integrin. To(More)
Concomitant infection of murine CMV (MCMV), an opportunistic respiratory pathogen, altered Th1/Th2 cytokine expression, decreased bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid eosinophilia, and increased mucus production in a murine model of OVA-induced allergic airway disease. Although no change in the total number of leukocytes infiltrating the lung was observed(More)
Immune tolerance to self-antigens is a complex process that utilizes multiple mechanisms working in concert to maintain homeostasis and prevent autoimmunity. We developed a system that revealed a population of self-specific CD8 T cells within the endogenous T cell repertoire. Immunization of ovalbumin (OVA)-expressing transgenic mice with recombinant(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism(s) responsible for the acquisition of maternal antibody isotypes other than IgG are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE To define the ability of the neonatal Fc receptor for IgG uptake (FcRn) to mediate intestinal absorption of IgG(1) anti-IgE/IgE immune complexes. METHODS C57BL/6 allergic ovalbumin (OVA)-immune foster mothers were(More)
Signaling through c-Kit/stem cell factor (SCF) is crucial for normal development of erythroid and myeloid hematopoietic precursors and of melanocytes and germ cells. While peripheral lymphoid populations of W/Wv and SI/SId mice appear normal, we demonstrated that the intraepithelial lymphocyte (IEL) populations of small (SI) and large (LI) intestine were(More)