Lynn Puddington

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The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are a family of transcription factors belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. Until recently, the genes regulated by PPARs were those believed to be predominantly associated with lipid metabolism. Recently, an immunomodulatory role for PPAR gamma has been described in cells critical to the(More)
The intestinal mucosa promotes T cell responses that might be beneficial for effective mucosal vaccines. However, intestinal resident memory T (Trm) cell formation and function are poorly understood. We found that oral infection with Listeria monocytogenes induced a robust intestinal CD8 T cell response and blocking effector T cell migration showed that(More)
IL-15 and the IL-15 receptor (IL-15R)alpha chain are essential for normal development of naive CD8 T cells, intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL), and natural killer (NK)/NK/T cells. However, whether IL-15R alpha expression by these subsets is necessary for their production and which cell type needs to produce IL-15 to drive development are unknown.(More)
We examined the direct effects of IL-7 on osteoclastogenesis in murine bone marrow cultures, using cells from wild-type and IL-7- and IL-7 receptor (IL-7R)-deficient mice. IL-7 inhibited osteoclast-like cells (OCL) formation in macrophage colony-stimulating factor (M-CSF) and receptor activator of nuclear factor kappaB ligand (RANKL)-stimulated (both at 30(More)
Extrathymic T-cell development is a topic of considerable interest and debate, with important implications for the mechanisms of T-cell maturation and repertoire selection. Recent evidence has suggested that intraepithelial T lymphocytes (IELs) of the small intestine can mature and undergo selection in the absence of a thymus. However, IEL precursors are(More)
Interactions between stem cell factor (SCF) and its receptor, c-Kit, are important for development of hematopoietic, melanocytes, and germ cells. T lymphocytes appeared normal in c-Kit (W/Wv) or SCF (SI/SId) mutant mice, except for those residing within the intestinal epithelium, the intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL). Normally, IEL are composed of equal(More)
The M protein of vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV) was localized in the nuclei and cytoplasm of VSV-infected cells by subcellular fractionation and immunofluorescence microscopy. Nuclei isolated from VSV-infected Friend erythroleukemia cells were fractionated into a nuclear membrane and a nucleoplasm fraction by DNase digestion and differential(More)
Concomitant infection of murine CMV (MCMV), an opportunistic respiratory pathogen, altered Th1/Th2 cytokine expression, decreased bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid eosinophilia, and increased mucus production in a murine model of OVA-induced allergic airway disease. Although no change in the total number of leukocytes infiltrating the lung was observed(More)
The specificity of anti-vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-specific cytotoxic T cells was explored with cell lines expressing VSV genes introduced by electroporation. Low levels of nucleocapsid (N) protein were detected on the surface of VSV-infected cells, but N protein could not be detected on the plasma membrane of transfected EL4 cells. Intracellular N(More)
The intestinal mucosa is suggested to support extrathymic T cell development, particularly for T cell receptor (TCR)-gammadelta intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs). TCR-gammadelta cell development requires interleukin (IL)-7; IL-7(-/)- or IL-7 receptor(-/)- mice lack TCR-gammadelta cells. Using the intestinal fatty acid binding protein (iFABP) promoter, we(More)