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The intestinal mucosa promotes T cell responses that might be beneficial for effective mucosal vaccines. However, intestinal resident memory T (Trm) cell formation and function are poorly understood. We found that oral infection with Listeria monocytogenes induced a robust intestinal CD8 T cell response and blocking effector T cell migration showed that(More)
The specificity of anti-vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV)-specific cytotoxic T cells was explored with cell lines expressing VSV genes introduced by electroporation. Low levels of nucleocapsid (N) protein were detected on the surface of VSV-infected cells, but N protein could not be detected on the plasma membrane of transfected EL4 cells. Intracellular N(More)
TNF-α has a multifunctional role in autoimmune diseases as reflected in the variable responses of different human diseases to anti-TNF-α therapy. Recent studies have suggested that TNF-α modulates autoimmunity partially via effects on regulatory T cells (Tregs) and that these effects are mediated through the type II TNFR (TNFR2). We have investigated the(More)
Interactions between stem cell factor (SCF) and its receptor, c-Kit, are important for development of hematopoietic, melanocytes, and germ cells. T lymphocytes appeared normal in c-Kit (W/Wv) or SCF (SI/SId) mutant mice, except for those residing within the intestinal epithelium, the intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL). Normally, IEL are composed of equal(More)
The development and homeostasis of γδ T cells is highly dependent on distinct cytokine networks. Here we examine the role of IL-15 and its unique receptor, IL-15Rα, in the development of IL-17-producing γδ (γδ-17) T cells. Phenotypic analysis has shown that CD44(high) γδ-17 cells express IL-15Rα and the common gamma chain (CD132), yet lack the IL-2/15Rβ(More)
A novel monoclonal antibody, 2E7, was shown by immunoprecipitation to be reactive with the alpha IEL beta 7 integrin and was employed to analyze the expression of this integrin in lymphocyte subsets and during T cell ontogeny. In adult lymph nodes, alpha IEL was expressed at low levels by 40-70% of CD8+ T cells and < 5% of CD4+ T cells. However, virtually(More)
The peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are a family of transcription factors belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. Until recently, the genes regulated by PPARs were those believed to be predominantly associated with lipid metabolism. Recently, an immunomodulatory role for PPAR gamma has been described in cells critical to the(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism(s) responsible for the acquisition of maternal antibody isotypes other than IgG are not fully understood. OBJECTIVE To define the ability of the neonatal Fc receptor for IgG uptake (FcRn) to mediate intestinal absorption of IgG(1) anti-IgE/IgE immune complexes. METHODS C57BL/6 allergic ovalbumin (OVA)-immune foster mothers were(More)
The requirement of beta7 integrins for lymphocyte migration was examined during an ongoing immune response in vivo. Transgenic mice (OT-I) expressing an ovalbumin-specific major histocompatibility complex class I-restricted T cell receptor for antigen were rendered deficient in expression of all beta7 integrins or only the alphaEbeta7 integrin. To(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanism(s) responsible for the reduced risk of allergic disease in breastfed infants are not fully understood. Using an established murine model of asthma, we demonstrated previously that resistance to allergic airway disease transmitted from allergic mothers to breastfed offspring requires maternal B cell-derived factors. OBJECTIVE The(More)