Lynn Marty Grames

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A multidisciplinary International Working Group of scientists was assembled to address the question of standardizing reporting techniques for multiview videofluoroscopy and nasopharyngoscopy, the generally accepted standards for direct observation of the velopharyngeal valve. This report is a first attempt to propose standards while seeking feedback from(More)
The purpose of this two-part study was to evaluate the safety of surgical management of speech production disorders in patients with velocardiofacial syndrome without preoperative cervical vascular imaging studies. Anomalous internal carotid arteries have been shown to be a frequent feature of velocardiofacial syndrome. These vessels pose a potential risk(More)
There are no reports in the literature that document the effectiveness of sphincter pharyngoplasty as a surgical alternative to pharyngeal flap for management of velopharyngeal dysfunction in patients with velocardiofacial syndrome. A retrospective review of patients with velocardiofacial syndrome was undertaken at our tertiary cleft care centre. All(More)
There is little information in the cleft palate literature concerning the relationship between surgeon volume and clinical outcomes. It is unknown whether such a relationship applies specifically to velopharyngeal dysfunction and the need for secondary physical management of the velopharynx. The purpose of this paper was to explore the concept of an(More)
Posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation has been advocated for patients having velopharyngeal dysfunction with a small coronal gap. Nonautogenous augmentation has not been accepted widely because of migration or extrusion of alloplastic implants and resorption of injected materials. Autogenous posterior pharyngeal wall augmentation has been performed for(More)
IMPORTANCE Aural atresia (AA) is associated with maximal conductive hearing loss in affected ears, and children with bilateral AA require amplification. Some recent research has suggested an increased risk for speech and learning problems among children with unilateral sensorineural hearing loss. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether increased risk for speech(More)
Preliminary results are reported from a prospective, alternated, single-institution study of the effect of intravelar veloplasty (IVV) upon postpalatoplasty velopharyngeal incompetence. Two senior surgeons standardized their operative procedures and then performed or directly supervised all surgery. Patients alternately had palatoplasty with or without IVV.(More)
The sphincter pharyngoplasty is a surgical procedure designed to correct velopharyngeal dysfunction. Its advocates cite the theoretical advantage of its induction of dynamic activity of the neovelopharyngeal port, but this dynamic activity has yet to be quantitatively demonstrated in the literature. The purpose of this study was to quantify postoperative(More)
The aims of this study were twofold: (1) to test the ability of parents and teachers to discriminate the speech of children with repaired cleft palate from that of their unaffected peers and (2) to compare these lay assessments of speech acceptability with the critical perceptual assessments of expert clinicians. The subjects for this study were 20 children(More)