Lynn M . Riddiford

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BACKGROUND The timely onset of metamorphosis in holometabolous insects depends on their reaching the appropriate size known as critical weight. Once critical weight is reached, juvenile hormone (JH) titers decline, resulting in the release of prothoracicotropic hormone (PTTH) at the next photoperiod gate and thereby inducing metamorphosis. How individuals(More)
The antennae of male silk moths are extremely sensitive to the female sex pheromone such that a male moth can find a female up to 4.5 km away. This remarkable sensitivity is due to both the morphological and biochemical design of these antennae. Along the branches of the plumose antennae are the sensilla trichodea, each consisting of a hollow cuticular hair(More)
Behavioral and electrophysiological evidence has suggested that sex pheromone is rapidly inactivated within the sensory hairs soon after initiation of the action-potential spike. We report the isolation and characterization of a sex-pheromone-degrading enzyme from the sensory hairs of the silkmoth Antheraea polyphemus. In the presence of this enzyme at(More)
The understanding of the molecular basis of the endocrine control of insect metamorphosis has been hampered by the profound differences in responses of the Lepidoptera and the Diptera to juvenile hormone (JH). In both Manduca and Drosophila, the broad (br) gene is expressed in the epidermis during the formation of the pupa, but not during adult(More)
The molecular action of juvenile hormone (JH), a regulator of vital importance to insects, was until recently regarded as a mystery. The past few years have seen an explosion of studies of JH signaling, sparked by a finding that a JH-resistance gene, Methoprene-tolerant (Met), plays a critical role in insect metamorphosis. Here, we summarize the recently(More)
The neuropeptide eclosion hormone (EH) is a key regulator of insect ecdysis. We tested the role of the two EH-producing neurons in Drosophila by using an EH cell-specific enhancer to activate cell death genes reaper and head involution defective to ablate the EH cells. In the EH cell knockout flies, larval and adult ecdyses were disrupted, yet a third of(More)
A cDNA homolog of the Drosophila melanogaster Broad Complex (BRC) gene was isolated from the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, which shows a predicted 88% amino acid identity with Drosophila BRC in the N-terminal BTB domain. Three zinc finger domains encoding homologs of the Drosophila Z2, Z3, and Z4 domains (93, 100, and 85% identity, respectively) were(More)
cDNAs were isolated from Manduca sexta that encode two isoforms of an ultraspiracle (USP) homologue MsUSP-1 and MsUSP-2 with different N-terminal A/B regions. The MsUSP-1 cDNA predicts a protein with 97% and 45% amino acid identities in the DNA- and ligand-binding domains respectively to the Drosophila USP and 89% overall identity with Bombyx mori CF1 (an(More)
A genomic clone was isolated from the tobacco hornworm, Manduca sexta, by virtue of its similarity to a Drosophila larval cuticle gene. RNA analysis shows that this clone, B311, is expressed at times appropriate for a larval cuticle gene. Hybrid-selection experiments using B311 DNA show that it encodes a 14 x 10(3) Mr protein, LCP-14, which is precipitated(More)