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Previous work has suggested that human subjects engaged in tasks, like the Stroop task, that require response selection utilize the medial frontal cortex. We used positron emission tomography to measure blood flow changes in a stimulus-response compatibility task designed to maximize the demand on response selection processes. We report significant(More)
Building upon earlier behavioral models of animal and human learning, we explore how a psychobiological model of animal conditioning can be applied to amnesic category learning. In particular, we show that the late-training deficit found in Knowlton, Squire, and Gluck's 1994 study of amnesic category learning can be understood as a natural consequence of(More)
Learning that one cue (CS) predicts a second, salient cue (US) can often be slowed by prior exposure to one or both stimuli. In animals, CS-US learning is more strongly retarded following uncorrelated exposure to both CS and US than following exposure to the US alone. In this paper we present several studies showing a similar effect in humans, using a(More)
BACKGROUND Spontaneous abortion is a common problem in everyday clinical practice, accounting for 15 to 20 percent of all recognized pregnancies. The traditional treatment of this problem has been surgical, emptying the uterus by dilatation and curettage (D&C). Recent therapeutic and laboratory advances call surgical therapy into question for many patients.(More)
Although most analyses of amnesia have focused on the loss of explicit declarative and episodic memories following hippocampal-region damage, considerable insights into amnesia can also be realised by studying hippocampal function in simple procedural, or habit-based, associative learning tasks. Although many simple forms of associative learning are(More)
BACKGROUND Approximately 15% of clinically recognized pregnancies end in miscarriage. The probabilities for successful outcome between expectant treatment and dilatation and curettage for management of many first-trimester incomplete spontaneous abortions are comparable. The goal of this study was to assess patient preferences for expectant treatment(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate pain relief effectiveness of oral ibuprofen and topical benzocaine gel during colposcopy. METHODS In a double-masked, randomized controlled trial, women who attended a family medicine colposcopy clinic received one of four treatments, 800 mg of oral ibuprofen, 20% topical benzocaine, both, or placebos. Using visual analog scales,(More)