Lynn M. Jacobson

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BACKGROUND Registry analyses and single-center studies have demonstrated that hypertension significantly increases the risk for chronic graft loss. The graft itself may contribute to posttransplant hypertension, and intragraft vasoactive hormones therefore, may be dysregulated in posttransplant hypertension. METHODS We used the reverse-transcription(More)
BACKGROUND Organs procured from deceased donors emanate from individuals with diverse genetic backgrounds. Donor organs, therefore, may vary in their response to injury and immune stimuli in a genetically determined manner. We assessed polymorphisms from 244 renal allograft donors to better understand the impact of donor polymorphisms on selected transplant(More)
BACKGROUND Chemokines and their receptors play a critical role in leukocyte trafficking, and inhibition of select chemokines has been shown to attenuate kidney disease and allograft rejection in animal models. Therefore, we evaluated chemokine and chemokine receptor transcripts in human renal allograft biopsies, correlating transcript levels with clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic rejection (CR) remains idiopathic, difficult to prospectively identify, and once detected, unresponsive to increased immunosuppression. We hypothesized that clinically stable human renal allografts have ongoing evidence of injury and immune activity, and that this correlates with the worsening of allograft function characteristic of CR.(More)
Morphological changes that occur during kidney injury involve actin skeleton remodeling. Here we tested whether heat-shock protein 27 (HSP27), a small stress response protein involved in cytoskeletal remodeling, protects the kidney from tubulointerstitial fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy. Tubular cell HSP27 immunostaining was significantly increased in(More)
Renal allograft acute cellular rejection (ACR) is a T-cell mediated disease that is diagnosed histologically. However, many normally functioning allografts have T-cell infiltrates and histological ACR, and many nonimmune processes cause allograft dysfunction. Thus, neither histological nor functional criteria are sufficient to establish a significant(More)
Embryonic stem (ES) cells differentiating in vitro reproduce many facets of early embryonic development, including the expression of developmentally regulated transcription factors and the differentiation of multipotent precursor cells. ES cells were evaluated for their ability to differentiate into pancreatic and islet lineage-restricted stages including(More)
BACKGROUND Diastolic hypertension after renal transplantation leads to significant chronic morbidity and mortality. Recently, calcineurin phosphatase inhibition by cyclosporine or tacrolimus has been postulated to lead to diastolic hypertension through the induction of transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and resultant endothelin-mediated renal(More)
BACKGROUND Pin 1 is a peptidyl-prolyl isomerase inhibitor related to cyclophilin A and FK506 binding protein (FKBP). Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) is a natural inhibitor of Pin 1 with anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic properties. We evaluated the role of Pin 1 in renal fibrogenesis by evaluating the effects of juglone on epithelial to mesenchymal(More)
PURPOSE Prostanoids produce significant effects on ureteral function and are synthesized by cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes. COX is found in the 2 isoforms COX-1 (a constitutive form) and COX-2 (an inducible form). Due to the side effects associated with COX-1 inhibition there is great interest in selective COX-2 inhibition. We determined if COX-2 messenger(More)