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Morphological changes that occur during kidney injury involve actin skeleton remodeling. Here we tested whether heat-shock protein 27 (HSP27), a small stress response protein involved in cytoskeletal remodeling, protects the kidney from tubulointerstitial fibrosis in obstructive nephropathy. Tubular cell HSP27 immunostaining was significantly increased in(More)
Rat neurons have shown an increase of spontaneously active fibers to systemically administered potassium channel blocking agents such as tetraethylammonium chloride (TEA) and gallamine. Neuroma formation and spontaneous activity have been associated with autotomy in rats and pain in humans. To evaluate the chemosensitivity of human neurons to potassium(More)
In animal neuroma models the application of alpha-adrenergic agonists causes a burst of spontaneous afferent activity. The increased activity has been hypothesized to generate nociceptive input. Corroborative work in humans, however, has not been done. Nine subjects with chronic nerve end neuromas received perineuromal injections of normal saline,(More)
BACKGROUND Pin 1 is a peptidyl-prolyl isomerase inhibitor related to cyclophilin A and FK506 binding protein (FKBP). Juglone (5-hydroxy-1,4-naphthoquinone) is a natural inhibitor of Pin 1 with anti-inflammatory and antifibrotic properties. We evaluated the role of Pin 1 in renal fibrogenesis by evaluating the effects of juglone on epithelial to mesenchymal(More)
BACKGROUND Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) is a small HSP up-regulated in response to stress in the kidney. The relationship between HSP27 and intrarenal oxygenation in patients with native and transplant kidney disease is unknown. METHODS We compared HSP27 levels, intrarenal oxygenation measured by blood oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) imaging using R(2)*(More)
To investigate the selective role of intraspinal opioids on the perception and modulation of pain, seven subjects with chronic hip or back pain and one subject with C-6 quadriplegia received 25 micrograms of intrathecal fentanyl. The effect of lumbar intrathecal fentanyl on reported pain, nociceptive flexor withdrawal reflexes, a monosynaptic motor arc(More)
Two patients with postamputation stump and phantom limb pain respectively responded favorably to intrathecal fentanyl which temporarily abolished the pain, normalized sensations and produced euphoria without supraspinal effects. One of the patients subsequently received intrathecal, extradural and intravenous fentanyl as well as intrathecal lidocaine. The(More)
The analgesic and adverse effects of intrathecal methadone 5 mg, 10 mg and 20 mg were assessed and compared with intrathecal morphine 0.5 mg. The study was conducted on 38 patients who underwent total knee or hip replacement surgery. The intrathecal opioid was administered at the end of surgery and assessments began 1 h thereafter and continued for 24 h.(More)
Eight patients with established lower limb postamputation stump pain were given lumbar intrathecal fentanyl 25 micrograms and lidocaine 70 mg 2 weeks apart in an attempt to better understand the role of peripheral and central mechanisms in this condition. Baseline pain was recorded and then analgetic and side effects and their duration were assessed. Three(More)
Intravenous narcotics increase the latency of somatosensory-evoked potentials (SSEPS), which are decreased but not abolished by epidural local anesthetics. In addition, intrathecal narcotics decrease spasticity in patients with central nervous system disease. This study of the effects of intrathecal fentanyl on posterior tibial SSEPS and the monosynaptic(More)