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The effects of the angiogenic inhibitors endostatin, angiostatin, and TNP-470 on tumor growth dynamics are experimentally and theoretically investigated. On the basis of the data, we pose a quantitative theory for tumor growth under angiogenic stimulator/inhibitor control that is both explanatory and clinically implementable. Our analysis offers a ranking(More)
A substantial number of clinical trials using antiangiogenic therapies are ongoing worldwide. How to achieve the maximum benefit from these therapies and how to monitor patient response are of paramount concern to investigators. There are currently no markers of the net angiogenic activity of a tumor available to aid investigators in the design of(More)
Tumours are heterogeneous populations composed of different cells types: stem cells with the capacity for self-renewal and more differentiated cells lacking such ability. The overall growth behaviour of a developing neoplasm is determined largely by the combined kinetic interactions of these cells. By tracking the fate of individual cancer cells using(More)
It is here demonstrated that the set of gene expressions underlying the angiogenic balance in tissues can be molecularly reset en masse by a single protein. Using genome-wide expression profiling, coupled with RT-PCR and phosphorylation analysis, we show that the endogenous angiogenesis inhibitor endostatin downregulates many signaling pathways in human(More)
Even after a tumor is established, it can early on enter a state of dormancy marked by balanced cell proliferation and cell death. Disturbances to this equilibrium may affect cancer risk, as they may cause the eventual lifetime clinical presentation of a tumor that might otherwise have remained asymptomatic. Previously, we showed that cell death,(More)
The 5-y survival for cancer patients after diagnosis and treatment is strongly dependent on tumor type. Prostate cancer patients have a >99% chance of survival past 5 y after diagnosis, and pancreatic patients have <6% chance of survival past 5 y. Because each cancer type has its own molecular signaling network, we asked if there are "signatures" embedded(More)
Several drugs approved for a variety of indications have been shown to exhibit antiangiogenic effects. Our study focuses on the PPARgamma ligand rosiglitazone, a compound widely used in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. We demonstrate, for the first time to our knowledge, that PPARgamma is highly expressed in tumor endothelium and is activated by(More)
A shift of the angiogenic balance to the proangiogenic state, termed the "angiogenic switch," is a hallmark of cancer progression. Here we devise a strategy for identifying genetic participants of the angiogenic switch based on inverse regulation of genes in human endothelial cells in response to key endogenous pro- and antiangiogenic proteins. This(More)
In recent decades, radiation research has concentrated primarily on the cancer cell compartment. Much less is known about the effect of ionizing radiation on the endothelial cell compartment and the complex interaction between tumor cells and their microenvironment. Here we report that ionizing radiation is a potent antiangiogenic agent that inhibits(More)
Tumor dormancy has important implications for early detection and treatment of cancer. Lack of experimental models and limited clinical accessibility constitute major obstacles to the molecular characterization of dormant tumors. We have developed models in which human tumors remain dormant for a prolonged period of time (>120 days) until they switch to(More)