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The purpose of the article is to describe the relationships of prospective teachers' pedagogical knowledge structures to performance in a physical education teaching methods class. The Pathfinder network scaling algorithm was used to elicit knowledge structures prior to and after the prospective teachers completed the class. The findings indicated that(More)
This study is an extension of an earlier investigation of undergraduate students' acquisition of key pedagogical concepts in a physical education teaching methodology course. In that study, Pathfinder, a method for eliciting associative memory networks, was used to describe and compare the pedagogical knowledge structures of students to that of the course(More)
The role of visual imagery in short-term retention of movement end locations and distances was examined by comparing performances of subjects with extreme scores on the space relations section of the Differential Aptitude Test. Twelve HIGHS and twelve LOWS were tested on reproduction accuracy of six distances and six end locations immediately following(More)
Network representation was used to assess knowledge obtained during a teaching methodology course in elementary mathematics. Participants were the course instructor, 4 teacher educators, and 53 prospective teachers. Relatedness ratings on key terms were used to construct associative networks. Teacher educator networks shared significant similarities to the(More)
This study focused on the differences between experienced and inexperienced physical education teachers' approaches to planning, low inference indicators of teaching behavior during instruction, and global variables from the Beginning Teacher Evaluation Study. It was found experienced teachers asked many more questions before they began planning than did(More)
The purpose of this study was to measure response organization effects in 30 children in Grade 4. On a reaction time task, subjects were pre-cued as to the forthcoming response, being either an ipsilateral or contralateral response, which hand to use, or on which side the response would be. In each condition, there were varying degrees of response(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the role of ability to image visually and imagery instructions on recall of information on spatial locations. 18 high and 18 low visual-imagers reproduced six spatial locations in each of six conditions of reproduction: immediate reproduction, 10-sec., 20-sec., 30-sec., and 40-sec. unfilled retention intervals(More)
PURPOSE As the scope of motor development and learning knowledge has successfully broadened over the years, there is an increased need to identify the content and learning experiences that are essential in preparing preservice physical educators. The purpose of this study was to generate expert consensus regarding the most critical motor development and(More)
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