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Despite benefits associated with the use of electronic health records (EHRs), one major barrier to adoption is the concern that EHRs may take longer for physicians to use than paper-based systems. To address this issue, we performed a time-motion study in five primary care clinics. Twenty physicians were observed and specific activities were timed during a(More)
The effectiveness of electronic health record (EHR)-based clinical decision support is limited when clinicians do not interact with the EHR during patient visits. To assess EHR use during ambulatory visits and determine barriers to such use, we performed a cross-sectional survey of 501 primary care clinicians. Of 225 respondents, 53 (24%) never or only(More)
BACKGROUND Electronic health records (EHRs) allow for a variety of functions, ranging from visit documentation to laboratory test ordering, but little is known about physicians' actual use of these functions. METHODS We surveyed a random sample of 1884 physicians in Massachusetts by mail and assessed availability and use of EHR functions, predictors of(More)
BACKGROUND Limited data exist to estimate the use of electronic health records (EHRs) in ambulatory care practices in the United States. METHODS We surveyed a stratified random sample of 1829 office practices in Massachusetts in 2005. The one-page survey measured use of health information technology, plans for EHR adoption and perceived barriers to(More)
BACKGROUND Web-based personal health records (PHRs) have been advocated as a means to improve type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) care. However, few Web-based systems are linked directly to the electronic medical record (EMR) used by physicians. METHODS We randomized 11 primary care practices. Intervention practices received access to a DM-specific PHR that(More)
BACKGROUND Health maintenance is crucial for preventing morbidity and premature mortality, but many patients do not receive preventive services at recommended intervals. One reason for this is the lack of up-to-date information accurately reflecting patients' history. Electronic health records (EHRs) can be useful, but are often incomplete. Patient input(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied how health information exchange systems are established by examining the decisions (and thus, indirectly, the values) of key stakeholders (health care providers) participating in a health information exchange pilot project in 3 Massachusetts communities. Our aim was to understand how these kinds of information exchanges can be made(More)
Partners Healthcare System, Boston, MA, has developed a patient Web portal that features a patient-controlled electronic "journal" to allow patients to interact with their physician's electronic medical record. Patients can view and respond to health reminders, critique electronic chart information maintained by their doctor's office, enter additional(More)
Patient experience was assessed by survey as part of a large, randomized controlled trial of a secure, practice-linked personal health record called Patient Gateway at Partners HealthCare in Boston, MA. The subjects were patients with Type 2 diabetes who prepared for their upcoming primary care visit using a previsit electronic journal. The journal(More)
BACKGROUND Electronic prescribing is increasingly used, in part because of government incentives for its use. Many of its benefits come from clinical decision support (CDS), but often too many alerts are displayed, resulting in alert fatigue. OBJECTIVE To characterize the override rates for medication-related CDS alerts in the outpatient setting, the(More)