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Weanling F344 rats, which were fed a diet containing 10% chrysotile (B), were studied over their life-time to determine the effects of ingested asbestos on the colon. Control groups consisted of rats fed a diet containing a 10% nonnutritive cellulose or a standard laboratory rat diet. The pathological findings in the colons of 501 rats (189 on asbestos(More)
The persistence of pseudorabies virus (PRV) in pigs clinically recovered from the disease was detected by culture of tissue fragments. Weanling pigs were infected by intranasal instillation of 200,000 plaque-forming units of a strain of PRV isolated from sick pigs in Iowa, and virus was recovered from them 6 weeks to 13 months later. Tonsil, trigeminal(More)
Group A, B, and C rotaviruses were identified in 9% (96/1,048) of pig fecal specimens submitted to the Iowa State University Veterinary Diagnostic Laboratory during 1987 and 1988. Six of the rotaviruses were group B, 5 were group C, and the remaining 89% were group A. Of the rotavirus cases with more than 1 serotype, 5 were multiple group A serotypes, 1(More)
This study was conducted to compare DSM-II and DSM-III in the diagnosis of childhood and adolescent psychiatric disorders. Twenty psychiatrist-raters completed standardized diagnostic questionnaires for 24 actual case histories. This report, the first of four, presents the rater agreement with the "expected diagnosis," ie, the diagnosis that we considered(More)
A case-history format was utilized to compare interrater agreement on childhood and adolescent psychiatric disorders, using DSM-II and DSM-III. The average interrater agreement was 57% for DSM-II and 54% for axis I (clinical psychiatric syndrome) of DSM-III. There was high agreement in both systems on cases of psychosis, conduct disorder, hyperactivity, and(More)
A major feature of DSM-III is its multiaxial format. One purpose of this study was to examine the purported advantages of a multiaxial system as compared to those of a multicategory system, eg., DSM-II. We found that the multiaxial system led to a more complete and reliable diagnosis of complex clinical cases. Concomitant medical disorder and psychosocial(More)
Cell-mediated immunity (CMI) directed towards rat fetal cells was evaluated in Fischer F344 young inbred male rats having asbestos-induced peritoneal mesothelioma. The tumors were induced by exposure to Canadian chrysotile B fibers and the CMI delineated by the injury and destruction brought about to 6- to 10-day-old primary fetal cell cultures by the(More)
We hypothesized that the normal bowel may afford some protection to tissue penetration of ingested asbestos, due to the mucus produced by goblet cells which normally coats the gut surface. To study this, we exposed localized segments of the colons of laboratory rats to X-irradiation. These animals were then divided into 3 groups which were fed either a diet(More)