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Cardiac hypertrophy can be defined as an increase in heart mass. Pathological cardiac hypertrophy (heart growth that occurs in settings of disease, e.g. hypertension) is a key risk factor for heart failure. Pathological hypertrophy is associated with increased interstitial fibrosis, cell death and cardiac dysfunction. In contrast, physiological cardiac(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained arrhythmia presenting at cardiology departments. A limited understanding of the molecular mechanisms responsible for the development of AF has hindered treatment strategies. The purpose of this study was to assess whether reduced activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K, p110alpha) makes the(More)
Heart failure (HF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) share common risk factors, frequently coexist and are associated with high mortality. Treatment of HF with AF represents a major unmet need. Here we show that a small molecule, BGP-15, improves cardiac function and reduces arrhythmic episodes in two independent mouse models, which progressively develop HF and(More)
1. Heart failure rates have reached epidemic proportions in Western society. 2. New strategies proposed to improve cardiac function of the failing heart include regeneration, stem cell therapy, innovative methods for the revascularization of ischaemic cardiac tissue and the activation of signalling pathways that promote physiological growth (hypertrophy).(More)
Despite the development of a wide range of therapies, heart failure remains a leading cause of death in Western society. New therapies are needed to help combat this debilitating condition. Exercise is becoming an increasingly important feature of rehabilitation programmes for patients with heart failure. Before the 1980s, patients with heart failure were(More)
Phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks) are important signaling proteins in the heart. Class IA PI3Ks (p110alpha, beta) are critical regulators of physiological heart growth and cell survival, and are generally considered to be beneficial for heart function. In contrast, activation of class IB PI3K(p110gamma) is detrimental for heart function, reducing cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND The role of protein kinase C (PKC) in regulating the activity of phospholipase C (PLC) in neutrophils activated with the chemoattractant, platelet-activating factor (PAF, 20 and 200 nM), was probed in the current study using the selective PKC inhibitors, GF10903X (0.5 - 1 muM) and staurosporine (400 nM). METHODS Alterations in cytosolic Ca2+,(More)
Midwifery educators have to provide students with stimulating curricula that teach academic and vocational content, as well as transferable skills. The Research Skills Development (RSD) framework provides a conceptual model that allows educators to explicitly scaffold the development of their students' research skills. This paper aims to demonstrate the(More)
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