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We present here the sequence of the mitochondrial genome of the basidiomycete phytopathogenic hemibiotrophic fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa, causal agent of the Witches' Broom Disease in Theobroma cacao. The DNA is a circular molecule of 109,103 base pairs, with 31.9% GC, and is the largest sequenced so far. This size is due essentially to the presence of(More)
We have identified a repetitive DNA element in Nectria haematococca mating population VI, isolate T-2. This repetitive sequence has been called Nrs1. DNA hybridization analysis indicates the sequence is found in several isolates of the fungus pathogenic to Pisum sativum. A 2,027-bp clone containing the Nrs1-2 allele contains a long polyA sequence, imperfect(More)
The hemibiotrophic basidiomycete Moniliophthora perniciosa causes witches' broom disease of Theobroma cacao. Analysis of the M. perniciosa draft genome led to the identification of three putative genes encoding necrosis and ethylene-inducing proteins (MpNEPs), which are apparently located on the same chromosome. MpNEP1 and 2 have highly similar sequences(More)
Plant germplasm collections invariably contain varying levels of genetic redundancy, which hinders the efficient conservation and utilization of plant germplasm. Reduction of genetic redundancies is an essential step to improve the accuracy and efficiency of genebank management. The present study targeted the assessment of genetic redundancy and genetic(More)
Apart from water, tea is the world's most widely consumed beverage. Tea is produced in more than 50 countries with an annual production of approximately 4.7 million tons. The market segment for specialty tea has been expanding rapidly owing to increased demand, resulting in higher revenues and profits for tea growers and the industry. Accurate varietal(More)
The basidiomycete fungus Moniliophthora perniciosa is the causal agent of Witches' Broom Disease (WBD) in cacao (Theobroma cacao). It is a hemibiotrophic pathogen that colonizes the apoplast of cacao's meristematic tissues as a biotrophic pathogen, switching to a saprotrophic lifestyle during later stages of infection. M. perniciosa, together with the(More)
Pulse-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) was used to determine the genome size and characterize karyotypic differences in isolates of the cacao biotype of Crinipellis perniciosa (C-biotype). The karyotype analysis of four isolates from Brazil revealed that this biotype could be divided into two genotypes: one presenting six chromosomal bands and the other(More)
Moniliophthora perniciosa is a hemibiotrophic fungus that causes witches' broom disease (WBD) in cacao. Marked dimorphism characterizes this fungus, showing a monokaryotic or biotrophic phase that causes disease symptoms and a later dikaryotic or saprotrophic phase. A combined strategy of DNA microarray, expressed sequence tag, and real-time(More)
The capacity of two maize opaque endosperm mutants (o1 and o2) and two floury (fl1 and fl2) to accumulate lysine in the seed in relation to their wild type counterparts Oh43+ was examined. The highest total lysine content was 3.78% in the o2 mutant and the lowest 1.87% in fl1, as compared with the wild type (1.49%). For soluble lysine, o2 exhibited over a(More)
Genetic diversity of 35 Psidium guajava L. accessions and three related species (P. guineense Sw., P. sartorianum (O. Berg) Nied. and P. friedrichsthalianum (O. Berg) Nied.) maintained at the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), National Plants Germplasm System, Hilo, HI, was characterized using 20 simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. Diversity analysis(More)