Lyndee L. Scurr

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Induction of senescence permanently restricts cellular proliferation after oncogenic stimulation thereby acting as a potent barrier to tumor development. The relevant effector proteins may therefore be fundamental to cancer development. A recent study identified IGFBP7 as a secreted factor mediating melanocyte senescence induced by oncogenic B-RAF, which is(More)
Despite a high initial response rate to first-line platinum/paclitaxel chemotherapy, most women with epithelial ovarian cancer relapse with recurrent disease that becomes refractory to further cytotoxic treatment. We have previously shown that the E3 ubiquitin ligase, EDD, a regulator of DNA damage responses, is amplified and overexpressed in serous ovarian(More)
Oncogene-induced senescence acts as a barrier against tumour formation and has been implicated as the mechanism preventing the transformation of benign melanocytic lesions that frequently harbour oncogenic B-RAF or N-RAS mutations. In the present study we systematically assessed the relative importance of the tumour suppressor proteins p53, p21(Waf1), pRb(More)
The p16(INK4a)-Rb tumour suppressor pathway is required for the initiation and maintenance of cellular senescence, a state of permanent growth arrest that acts as a natural barrier against cancer progression. Senescence can be overcome if the pathway is not fully engaged, and this may occur when p16(INK4a) is inactivated. p16(INK4a) is frequently altered in(More)
Stimulation of the c-Kit receptor tyrosine kinase has a critical role in the development and migration of melanocytes, and oncogenic c-Kit mutants contribute to the progression of some melanomas. c-Kit signalling activates the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathways and their relative contribution to the(More)
Metastatic melanoma represents a major clinical problem. Its incidence continues to rise in western countries and there are currently no curative treatments. While mutation of the P53 tumour suppressor gene is a common feature of many types of cancer, mutational inactivation of P53 in melanoma is uncommon; however, its function often appears abnormal. In(More)
Alterations in the ARF tumor suppressor protein (also known as p14ARF in humans and p19ARF in the mouse) occur frequently in cancer and are associated with susceptibility to melanoma, pancreatic cancer and nervous system tumors. ARF proteins interact with the E2F-1, -2 and -3 transcription activators to inhibit their transcriptional activity and induce(More)
The progesterone receptor (PR) is a critical mediator of progesterone action in the female reproductive system. Expressed in the human as two proteins, PRA and PRB, the receptor is a ligand-activated nuclear transcription factor that regulates transcription by interaction with protein cofactors and binding to specific response elements in target genes. We(More)
Rat basophilic leukemia mast cells (RBL-2H3) secrete histamine when activated by Ag. This secretion correlates with increased phosphorylation of myosin light chain by protein kinase C (PKC). Calcium ionophores (A23187) also elicit secretion, which is enhanced by PMA. To analyze the roles of Ca2+ and PKC in the secretory process, A23187-induced myosin light(More)
PURPOSE The standard of care for ovarian cancer includes platinum-based chemotherapy. It is not possible, however, to predict clinical platinum sensitivity or to design rational strategies to overcome resistance. We used a novel approach to identify altered gene expression associated with high sensitivity to cisplatin, to define novel targets to sensitize(More)