Lynda K Sharp

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The serpinopathies result from conformational transitions in members of the serine proteinase inhibitor superfamily with aberrant tissue deposition or loss of function. They are typified by mutants of neuroserpin that are retained within the endoplasmic reticulum of neurons as ordered polymers in association with dementia. We show here that the S49P mutant(More)
Mutations in neuroserpin and alpha1-antitrypsin cause these proteins to form ordered polymers that are retained within the endoplasmic reticulum of neurones and hepatocytes, respectively. The resulting inclusions underlie the dementia familial encephalopathy with neuroserpin inclusion bodies (FENIB) and Z alpha1-antitrypsin-associated cirrhosis. Polymers(More)
Members of the serine proteinase inhibitor or serpin superfamily inhibit their target proteinases by a remarkable conformational transition that involves the enzyme being translocated more than 70 A (1 A = 10(-10) m) from the upper to the lower pole of the inhibitor. This elegant mechanism is subverted by point mutations to form ordered polymers that are(More)
Alpha-1-antitrypsin (alpha(1)-antitrypsin) is the archetypal member of the serine proteinase inhibitor or serpin superfamily. The most common severe deficiency variant is the Z allele, which results in the accumulation of mutant protein within hepatocytes. This 'protein overload' causes neonatal hepatitis, cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The lack of(More)
Alzheimer disease is characterized by extracellular plaques composed of Abeta peptides. We show here that these plaques also contain the serine protease inhibitor neuroserpin and that neuroserpin forms a 1:1 binary complex with the N-terminal or middle parts of the Abeta(1-42) peptide. This complex inactivates neuroserpin as an inhibitor of tissue(More)
We review here the molecular mechanisms that underlie alpha1-antitrypsin deficiency and show how an understanding of this mechanism has allowed us to explain the deficiency of other members of the serine proteinase inhibitor or serpin superfamily. These include the deficiency of antithrombin, C1-inhibitor and alpha1-antichymotrypsin in association with(More)
The dementia familial encephalopathy with neuroserpin inclusion bodies (FENIB) is caused by point mutations in the neuroserpin gene. We have shown a correlation between the predicted effect of the mutation and the number of intracerebral inclusions, and an inverse relationship with the age of onset of disease. Our previous work has shown that the(More)