Lynda K. Johnson

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The pathogenic fungus Candida albicans is capable of responding to a wide variety of environmental cues with a morphological transition from a budding yeast to a polarized filamentous form. We demonstrate that the Ras homologue of C. albicans, CaRas1p, is required for this morphological transition and thereby contributes to the development of pathogenicity.(More)
CONTEXT Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection may resolve (viral clearance), persist without complications, or cause end-stage liver disease (ESLD). The frequency and determinants of these outcomes are poorly understood. OBJECTIVE To assess the incidence and determinants of viral clearance and ESLD among persons who acquired HCV infection from injection drug(More)
BACKGROUND Injection drug use directly or indirectly accounts for nearly half the annual human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in the United States. Prospective studies that investigate both sexual and parenteral HIV risks among injection drug users (IDUs) are needed. We studied factors for HIV seroconversion among male and female IDUs in Baltimore,(More)
Synovial fluid from arthritic patients contains multiple forms of phospholipase A2 (PLA2), as resolved by high performance liquid chromatography (Seilhamer, J.J., Plant, S., Pruzanski, W., Schilling, J., Stefanski, E., Vadas, P., and Johnson, L. K. (1989) J. Biochem. (Tokyo), submitted for publication). Here we describe the cloning of a human 4.5-kilobase(More)
Mammals are now known to contain at least two distinct classes of phospholipases A2, the progenitors of which can be seen in the venoms of snakes. Mammalian "Type I" PLA2, synthesized primarily by the pancreas, is also present in smaller amounts in other tissues including lung, spleen, and kidney. Recently, a mammalian "Type II" PLA2 has been sequenced, and(More)
OBJECTIVES To identify correlates of enrollment in methadone maintenance treatment programs (MMTP) among a prospective cohort of injection drug users (IDUs) in Baltimore, Maryland. METHODS A total of 1480 IDUs undergoing semi-annual HIV tests and interviews were studied between 1994 and 1998, during which time a needle exchange program was introduced.(More)
There has been conflict as to whether crude extracts of atrial natriuretic factor increase renal solute excretion by a hemodynamic mechanism or by direct inhibition of tubular transport. To investigate this issue, seven rats were studied during a euvolemic control period and following continuous administration of pure, synthetic 24 amino acid atrial(More)
Mammalian atria contain potent natriuretic and diuretic substances which exist in high- and low-molecular-weight forms and which appear to be associated with atrium-specific granules. The natriuretic effect of atrial extract is largely accountable for by its renal haemodynamic effects; atrial extracts also antagonize hormone- and non-hormone-induced(More)
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) including aspirin have been shown to suppress colon carcinogenesis and in some cases reduce the size of colorectal polyps. Balsalazide disodium (BSZ) is a colon-specific prodrug of the salicylate, 5-aminosalicylic acid. The aim of the present study was to test the chemopreventive activity of BSZ in two(More)