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BACKGROUND We tested the hypothesis that schizophrenia is primarily a frontostriatal disorder by examining executive function in first-episode patients. Previous studies have shown either equal decrements in many cognitive domains or specific deficits in memory. Such studies have grouped test results or have used few executive measures, thus, possibly(More)
In a study of 972 patients with diabetes mellitus, humoral pancreatic islet-cell antibodies (I.C.Ab.) were detected in highest prevalence in insulin-treated diabetics with (38 per cent) and without (22 per cent) associated overt organ-specific autoimmune disease (A.I.D.) where consideration was not given to the duration of diabetes. They were also detected(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies of oculomotor dysfunction in schizophrenia have tended to concentrate on abnormalities of smooth pursuit eye tracking in chronic medicated patients. We report the results of a study of smooth pursuit, reflexive and antisaccade performance in drug naive and antipsychotic treated first-episode schizophrenic patients. METHODS(More)
Lateral ventricular enlargement is the most consistently replicated brain abnormality found in schizophrenia. This article reports a first episode, longitudinal study of ventricular volume using high-resolution serial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and recently developed techniques for image registration and quantitation. Baseline and follow-up (on(More)
The frequency of HLA-B8 was significantly increased in pancreatic islet cell antibody (P.I.C.A)-positive patients (61%) compared with P.I.C.A.-negative patients (35%) and a control population (28%). This increased frequency of HLA-B8 was even more striking in diabetics in whom P.I.C.A. persisted for more than 5 years (71%). Thus the association of HLA-B8(More)
Currently there is much interest in the role that growth factors may play in the development of human breast tumours. We have shown previously that growth factors secreted by breast tumours may influence the activity of oestradiol hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, the enzyme which catalyses the interconversion of oestrone (E1) and oestradiol. As the formation(More)
The aromatase enzyme complex, which regulates the conversion of androstenedione to estrone, may have an important role in regulating estrogen synthesis in breast tissues. In this study the effect of tumor location on aromatase activity in adjacent tissue was examined and related to interleukin-6 (IL-6) production, which has been shown to stimulate aromatase(More)
The conversion of androstenedione to estrone, the reaction mediated by the aromatase enzyme complex, may make an important contribution to the synthesis of estrogens in breast tissues. In the present study, the effect of the cytokine. TNF alpha, on aromatase activity was examined in breast fibroblasts derived from normal and malignant breast tissue. TNF(More)