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Campylobacter jejuni A74/O and A74/C are congenic strains. An oral dose of 10(5) organisms of strain A74/C colonizes chicken intestines. Strain A74/O, from which A74/C is derived, does not colonize the chicken intestines with an oral dose of 10(5) organisms. In this study, the congenic bacteria were compared to identify possible colonization mechanisms.(More)
Spontaneous equine pulmonary granular cell tumors were diagnosed in six mature horses at slaughter. These tumors were grossly recognized as multiple (5/6) or single (1/6) creamy white, firm nodules. The tumors, located adjacent to bronchi and bronchioles, often invaded airways, resulting in partial to complete occlusion of the lumina. Neoplastic cells were(More)
Combating bioterrorism is a challenge to all of us. To be proactive, the U.S. Government has formalized the discipline of "microbial forensics" to deter and attribute perpetrators of such acts. This Policy Forum describes the foundations of the microbial forensics program: the creation of a national bioforensics laboratory, a partnership laboratory network,(More)
Tissues from twenty mature cows with primary renal cell tumors were submitted over an 11-year period because of gross lesions detected during routine slaughter and inspection. Tumors visualized grossly were multiple and bilateral in seven cattle, multiple within one kidney in four cattle, and solitary in nine cattle. The tumors were primarily cortical,(More)
Formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded sections of equine and bovine lymph nodes, spleen, thymus, and Peyer's patches were incubated with monoclonal antibodies to B-lymphocyte markers BLA.36, B29, and mb-1 and T-lymphocyte markers CD3 and CD5. The monoclonal antibody BLA.36 reacted with 80-90% of lymphocytes in the germinal centers and mantle zones of follicles(More)
Sixteen primary pancreatic tumors were found in a retrospective study of bovine pancreatic lesions detected in slaughtered cattle. Eleven islet cell tumors and three pancreatic exocrine carcinomas were identified based on light microscopy and immunohistochemistry. Nine of 11 islet cell tumors were classified as malignant. Metastatic sites included iliac,(More)
During 1991-94, tissue specimens from 262 young chicken carcasses condemned at slaughter contained novel multicentric proliferations of histiocytelike cells. These tissues had been submitted to the USDA FSIS Eastern Laboratory because of grossly enlarged spleens, livers, or kidneys. The spleens were two to three times normal diameter and contained miliary(More)
Gross lesions, microscopic appearance, and immunophenotyping are reported in a retrospective study of 31 cases of equine malignant lymphoma. Immunohistochemical studies were performed on archived formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissues. Monoclonal antibodies to surface glycoprotein BLA.36 and intracytoplasmic domains of mb-1 and B29 were used to document(More)
Both lungs of a 5-wk-old broiler chicken contained miliary, round, white tumors. Microscopically, these masses were composed of compactly arranged cells with round to oval nuclei and indistinct cytoplasmic borders. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells were positive for vimentin but negative for cytokeratin, S-100 protein, neuron-specific enolase, smooth(More)
The behavior of Bacillus anthracis Sterne spores in sterile raw ground beef was measured at storage temperatures of 2 to 70 degrees C, encompassing both bacterial growth and death. B. anthracis Sterne was weakly inactivated (-0.003 to -0.014 log10 CFU/h) at storage temperatures of 2 to 16 degrees C and at temperatures greater than and equal to 45 degrees C.(More)