Lyn S. Pilowsky

Learn More
The dopamine hypothesis of schizophrenia is the principal explanatory model of antipsychotic drug action. Recent discoveries extend our understanding of the neurochemistry of schizophrenia, with increasing evidence of dysfunction in glutamate and GABA as well as dopamine systems. In this review, we study the evidence for dopaminergic dysfunction in(More)
The dual aims of the study were (1) to examine the effect of neuroleptic medication on the expression of latent inhibition (LI) by studying LI in drug naive schizophrenic patients, and (2) to investigate the relationship between LI and dopamine D2 receptor binding in the basal ganglia using single photon emission tomography (SPET). Subjects constituted a(More)
BACKGROUND We tested whether cortical and subcortical regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) differs between patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and healthy controls. We then explored the relationship between rCBF and OCD mental state. METHOD Thirty out-patients from the Maudsley Hospital with OCD as defined in DSM-III-R were scanned at rest(More)
We used SPECT to examine striatal D2 receptor binding in 20 antipsychotic-free DSM-III-R schizophrenic patients and 20 age- and sex-matched normal controls. Dynamic single-slice SPECT, at a slice chosen to include the basal ganglia, began immediately following intravenous injection of 185 MBq of 123I-IBZM. A semiquantitative approach was used to generate(More)
Selective action at limbic cortical dopamine D2-like receptors is a putative mechanism of atypical antipsychotic efficacy with few extrapyramidal side effects. Although risperidone is an atypical antipsychotic with high affinity for D2 receptors, low-dose risperidone treatment is effective without inducing extrapyramidal symptoms. The objective was to test(More)
Intravenous (IV) Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) induces transient psychotic symptoms in healthy subjects and in schizophrenic patients, but the psychotomimetic mechanism is unknown. One possibility is that THC stimulates dopamine (DA) release in the striatum. In this study we tested whether IV THC led to an increase in striatal DA release compared to(More)
OBJECTIVE Although there is evidence from postmortem studies suggestive of deficient inhibitory neurotransmission of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in schizophrenia, no direct in vivo evidence has been obtained to date. The authors used single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) with iodine-123-labeled iomazenil ([123I]iomazenil), a radioligand that(More)