Lyman R Emmons

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PURPOSE Mini-puberty is the hormonal surge of gonadotropins and testosterone which occurs in early infancy. It induces the development and transformation of gonocytes into Ad spermatogonia, which is impaired in many cryptorchid testes. We examine the role of testosterone in the transformation and development of Ad spermatogonia. MATERIALS AND METHODS A(More)
Human platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) is mainly composed of two polypeptide chains (PDGF-AB). All three possible dimeric forms of PDGF--i.e., PDGF-AA, PDGF-BB and PDGF-AB--exist in nature. We have used two recombinant PDGF homodimers to determine the roles of each isoform in the activation of phosphatidylinositol turnover in vascular smooth muscle(More)
The effects of Ca(2+)-channel blockers (amlodipine, nifedipine, nitrendipine, and verapamil) on expression of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase (EC 1.1.1.88) and low density lipoprotein receptor (LDL-R) genes stimulated by recombinant platelet-derived growth factor BB isomer (PDGF-BB) were evaluated in human skin fibroblasts. The(More)
To assess gene induction in primary human fibroblasts, we have developed a method for cryopreservation of lung biopsies in liquid nitrogen. Fresh biopsies (n = 10) were chopped into 5 x 5 mm pieces and transferred into an ice-cold freezing medium. Biopsies were kept on ice for 15 min, followed by further cooling of the tissue to -70 degrees C. With this(More)
A monoclonal antibody is described which reacts with the intermediate filament proteins vimentin, desmin, keratins, actin, and myosin. This is the first report of an epitope common to intermediate filament proteins and myosin. X1, the wide-spectrum monoclonal antibody in question, was isolated in the course of screening monoclonal antibodies to chicken(More)
BACKGROUND Platelet activation by platelet activating factor (PAF) seems to be involved in the inflammatory process in asthma and may serve as a possible target for the antiinflammatory drug nedocromil sodium, which is known to inhibit cell activation by different stimuli. METHODS We investigated the effect and the mode of action of nedocromil sodium on(More)
X3, a monoclonal antibody of unusual specificity, is described. This antibody reacts with one or more cytokeratin polypeptides and also reacts with an avian (chicken, quail) nuclear antigen that appears to be present in all cell types (chicken) tested, although with variable staining pattern and intensity. This antigen is distinct from the cytokeratins but(More)
The effects of nebulized platelet-activating factor (PAF) on the pulmonary and cardiovascular systems, and on the platelets present in peripheral blood were investigated in 9 normal individuals and in 6 patients with asthma and 3 individuals with lyso-PAF. The inhalation of PAF caused an acute decrease in specific airway conductance. The circulatory system(More)