Lyle W. Hayes

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Assessment of catecholamine production and excretion is important in the laboratory detection of pheochromocytoma, a rare but curable cause of hypertension. Advances in catecholamine and metabolite methodologies have enhanced the diagnostic acumen by increasing analytical sensitivity and eliminating many of the interferences observed with earlier methods.(More)
Substance P, the widely distributed 11 amino acid neuropeptide, is present in up to 20% of vagal sensory cell bodies and the fibers emanating from them. To study the factors regulating the release of SP, vagal sensory (nodose or nodose/jugular) ganglia were obtained from neonatal rats and dissociated using neutral protease. Survival of plated neurons on(More)
In the normal rat retina ganglion cell axons are not myelinated until they enter the optic nerve. After a lesion to the retina made via the sclera and choroid, Schwann cells invade the retina and myelinate ganglion cell axons. The lesion-induced myelin formation is most conspicuous in animals operated between the day of birth and 20 days of age. A lesion to(More)
Following injections of horseradish peroxidase conjugated with wheat germ agglutinin into the medial nucleus accumbens of the rat, a large number of projecting pyramidal neurons in the hippocampus were retrogradely labelled. In addition to this major projection, a few retrogradely labelled cells were tentatively identified at the light microscopic level as(More)
In the course of isolating and analyzing the fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) from steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri) eggs and sac fry, a component was found on gas liquid chromatography to have a retention time longer than any characteristic polyunsaturated fatty acid previously encountered in trout. Subsequent purification and analysis demonstrated this(More)
We measured morphine and codeine in commercially available poppy seeds and in serum and urine samples from healthy adults who had ingested these poppy seeds. Four brands of black poppy seeds, examined by gas chromatography-mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) with deuterated internal standards, contained from 17 to 294 micrograms of morphine and 3 to 14 micrograms of(More)
In populations of cultured arterial endothelial and smooth muscle cells grown under the same conditions, we have measured the total activity per cell of 10 enzymes commonly used as "markers" for subcellular organelles: NADH: ferricyanide reductase, NADH:cytochrome c reductase (rotenone insensitive). NADPH:cytochrome c reductase, alpha-glucosidase,(More)