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Using the polymerase chain reaction with degenerate primers, three new members of the hsp70 gene family of Trypanosoma brucei have been identified. A genomic clone of one of these, gA, has been fully sequenced and the corresponding gene product has been characterized using antibody to recombinant gA fusion protein. gA is the trypanosomal homologue of BiP,(More)
We have examined the accumulation and metabolism of N-[7-(4-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole)]aminocaproyl sphingosine (C6-NBD-cer) in Plasmodium falciparum FCR-3/A2-infected erythrocytes. C6-NBD-cer transferred to live infected erythrocytes at 2 degrees C to label the infected red cell surface and intracellular parasite membranes. Subsequent incubation for 30(More)
The fluorescent lipophilic probe 1,1'-dihexadecyl-3-3'-3-3'- tetramethylindocarbocyanine (diIC16) inserted in the red cell surface, functioned as a non-exchangeable lipid marker which was not metabolised or toxic in plasmodial cultures. Invasion by Plasmodium falciparum resulted in the internalisation of the lipid, suggesting the uptake of red cell membrane(More)
To determine whether the characteristics of disease due to Toxoplasma gondii (toxoplasmosis) are dependent on the infecting strain, we have developed an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for typing strains that uses infection serum reacted against polymorphic peptides derived from Toxoplasma antigens SAG2A, GRA3, GRA6, and GRA7. Pilot studies with infected(More)
We report a phenomenon wherein induction of cell death by a variety of means in wing imaginal discs of Drosophila larvae resulted in the activation of an anti-apoptotic microRNA, bantam. Cells in the vicinity of dying cells also become harder to kill by ionizing radiation (IR)-induced apoptosis. Both ban activation and increased protection from IR required(More)
Cell cycle checkpoints contribute to survival after exposure to ionizing radiation (IR) by arresting the cell cycle and permitting repair. As such, yeast and mammalian cells lacking checkpoints are more sensitive to killing by IR. We reported previously that Drosophila larvae mutant for grp (encoding a homolog of Chk1) survive IR as well as wild type(More)
Indole-3-carbinol (I3C), a compound found naturally as a glucosinolate in cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage, has been shown to modulate the carcinogenic process in a number of animal species. The lack of detailed information on the disposition of I3C in vivo provided the main impetus for the study reported here, in which the distribution(More)
The procyclic acidic repetitive protein (PARP or procyclin) of the parasitic protozoan Trypanosoma brucei is a developmentally regulated protein that shows extreme differences in its level of expression in different stages of the parasite's life cycle. Specifically, it is the major surface protein in the procyclic (insect) stage and, although the PARP gene(More)
Cell-cycle checkpoints are signal-transduction pathways required to maintain genomic stability in dividing cells. Previously, it was reported that two kinases essential for checkpoint signalling, Chk1 and Chk2 are structurally conserved. In contrast to yeast, Xenopus and mammals, the Chk1- and Chk2-dependent pathways in Drosophila are not understood in(More)