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OBJECTIVES We sought to determine to what extent systemic arterial compliance (SAC) might impact on afterload and left ventricular (LV) function in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). BACKGROUND Although AS and reduced SAC may often coexist in the same patient, their relative impact on LV function is not well understood. METHODS Systemic arterial(More)
OBJECTIVES We sought to obtain more coherent evaluations of aortic stenosis severity. BACKGROUND The valve effective orifice area (EOA) is routinely used to assess aortic stenosis severity. However, there are often discrepancies between measurements of EOA by Doppler echocardiography (EOA(Dop)) and those by a catheter (EOA(cath)). We hypothesized that(More)
Approximately 250,000 valve replacement operations occur annually around the world and more than two thirds of these operations use mechanical heart valves (MHV). These valves are subject to complications such: pannus and/or thrombus formation. Another potential complication is a malfunction in one of the valve leaflets. Although the occurrence of such(More)
Coarctation of the aorta is a congenital heart disease defined as an obstruction of the aorta distal to the left subclavian artery (between the aortic arch and descending aorta). It is usually associated with other diseases such as bicuspid and tricuspid aortic stenosis. If the coarctation remains uncorrected it can lead to hypertension, left ventricular(More)
Coarctation of the aorta (COA) is an obstruction of the aorta and is usually associated with bicuspid and tricuspid aortic valve stenosis (AS). When COA coexists with AS, the left ventricle (LV) is facing a double hemodynamic load: a valvular load plus a vascular load. The objective of this study was to develop a lumped parameter model, solely based on(More)
BACKGROUND The effective orifice area (EOA) estimated by transthoracic Doppler echocardiography (TTE) via the continuity equation is commonly used to determine the severity of aortic stenosis (AS). However, there are often discrepancies between TTE-derived EOA and invasive indices of stenosis, thus raising uncertainty about actual definite severity.(More)
AIMS The aims of this study were : (i) to determine the feasibility and reproducibility of the measurement of valve kinetic parameters by cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) and (ii) to examine the association between these parameters and markers of a poor prognosis in patients with aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS AND RESULTS Eight healthy control(More)
  • L Kadem, Ae Y Knapp, +4 authors Ae R Rieu
  • 2005
The effective orifice area (EOA) is the most commonly used parameter to assess the severity of aortic valve stenosis as well as the performance of valve substitutes. Particle image velocimetry (PIV) may be used for in vitro estimation of valve EOA. In the present study, we propose a new and simple method based on Howe’s developments of Lighthill’s(More)
Aortic valve area can be measured by cardiac catheterization, Doppler echocardiography, or imaging planimetry to assess aortic stenosis severity. These diagnostic techniques provide the Gorlin area, the effective orifice area (EOA) and the geometric orifice area (GOA), respectively. The differences between these three parameters depend mainly on the valve(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of systemic arterial hypertension on the indices of aortic stenosis (AS) severity. METHODS A severe supravalvar AS was created in 24 pigs. The maximum and mean pressure gradients across the stenosis were measured by Doppler echocardiography and by catheterisation. Both echocardiography and catheter data were used to(More)