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DNA damage is a key factor both in the evolution and treatment of cancer. Genomic instability is a common feature of cancer cells, fuelling accumulation of oncogenic mutations, while radiation and diverse genotoxic agents remain important, if imperfect, therapeutic modalities. Cellular responses to DNA damage are coordinated primarily by two distinct kinase(More)
PURPOSE The relationship between volume of irradiated small bowel (VSB) and acute toxicity in rectal cancer radiotherapy is poorly quantified, particularly in patients receiving concurrent preoperative chemoradiotherapy. Using treatment planning data, we studied a series of such patients. METHODS AND MATERIALS Details of 41 patients with locally advanced(More)
AIM Current management of locally advanced rectal cancer includes neoadjuvant chemoradiation in selected patients to increase the chance of a tumour-free circumferential resection margin. There is uncertainty over the role of and selection criteria for additional systemic therapy in this group of patients. In this retrospective study we investigate the(More)
Chk1 is a key regulator of DNA damage checkpoint responses and genome stability in eukaryotes. To better understand how checkpoint proficiency relates to cancer development, we investigated the effects of genetic ablation of Chk1 in the mouse skin on tumors induced by chemical carcinogens. We found that homozygous deletion of Chk1 immediately before(More)
The syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) secretion is a well recognised paraneoplastic phenomenon and the vast majority are associated with small cell lung carcinoma. Rarely however, the non-small cell variety can sometimes be responsible and this report describes such an occurrence. Uniquely in this case, after chemotherapy the(More)
Cancer is the leading cause of deaths in the world. A widening disparity in cancer burden has emerged between high income and low-middle income countries. Closing this cancer divide is an ethical imperative but there is a dearth of data on cancer services from developing countries. This was a multi-center, retrospective observational cohort study which(More)
Developments in rectal cancer imaging have revolutionised the management of this condition. It has become increasingly important for oncologists and surgeons to have a working insight into radiological assessment in order to make informed clinical decisions. In this context, we discuss the role that imaging plays in the pre-operative staging, post-operative(More)
BACKGROUND Brain metastases occur in about 20-40% of patients with non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC), and are usually associated with a poor outcome. Whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) is widely used but increasingly, more aggressive local treatments such as surgery or stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) or stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT) are being employed.(More)
BACKGROUND Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is the commonest radiocurable cancer in Malaysia. This study aimed to determine the treatment outcomes and late effects of radiotherapy for NPC patients treated in University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC). MATERIALS AND METHODS All newly diagnosed patients with NPC referred for treatment to the Oncology unit at(More)