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Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) has historically been known as a pituitary hormone; however, in the past few years, interest has been raised in locally produced, extrapituitary GnRH. GnRH receptor (GnRHR) was found to be expressed in normal human reproductive tissues (e.g. breast, endometrium, ovary, and prostate) and tumors derived from these(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor expression is often elevated in ovarian cancer, but its potential role in ovarian cancer metastasis has just begun to be revealed. Cadherin switching is a crucial step during tumorigenesis, particularly in metastasis. Here, we showed that GnRH is an inducer of E- to P-cadherin switching, which is reminiscent of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Angiogenesis is a crucial step in tumour growth and metastasis. Ginsenoside-Rb1 (Rb1), the major active constituent of ginseng, potently inhibits angiogenesis in vivo and in vitro. However, the underlying mechanism remains unknown. We hypothesized that the potent anti-angiogenic protein, pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF), is(More)
Tumorigenesis is a multistep process involving dysregulated cell growth and metastasis. Considerable evidence implicates a mitogenic action of estrogen in early ovarian carcinogenesis. In contrast, its influence in the metastatic cascade of ovarian tumor cells remains obscure. In the present study, we showed that 17beta-estradiol (E2) increased the(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is a potent prometastatic factor in ovarian cancer, but the intracellular signaling events are not well understood. The classical Gα(q)-phospholipase C signal transduction pathway known to operate in the pituitary is not involved in GnRH actions at non-pituitary targets. Here we showed that GnRH treatment of ovarian(More)
Epithelial ovarian carcinoma is the most lethal gynecological cancer. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying the disease development and progression. In this study, we found that the expression of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) was greatly reduced in ovarian tumors and in ovarian cancer cell lines when compared with(More)
Ovarian cancer is the most lethal of all gynecological cancers. Most deaths from ovarian cancer are due to widespread intraperitoneal metastases and malignant ascites. However, mechanisms of invasion in ovarian cancer remain poorly understood. In this study, we examined the effects of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-I (the classical mammalian GnRH),(More)
AIMS Ginsenoside-Rg1, the most prevalent active constituent of Panax ginseng, has been shown to possess potent pro-angiogenic properties and therefore poses special interest for the development as a novel modality for angiotherapy. Rg1 can activate the glucocorticoid receptor (GR). However, the mechanism that transmits these pro-angiogenic effects is still(More)
Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor is present in 80% of ovarian cancer, and numerous studies have provided evidence for a role of GnRH in cell proliferation. In this study, the effect of GnRH on the invasion potential of ovarian cancer cells was investigated. In vitro migration and cell invasion assays with the ovarian cancer cell lines Caov-3(More)
Ovarian cancer has a clear predilection to metastasize to the peritoneum, which represents one of the most important prognostic factors of poor clinical outcome. Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) receptor is significantly overexpressed during the malignant progression of human ovarian cancer. Here, using lentiviral-based small interfering RNA (siRNA)(More)