Lydia M. Henderson

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The membrane potential of cytoplasts, derived from human neutrophils, was depolarized by the activation of the superoxide-generating NADPH-dependent oxidase. The extent of the depolarization was inhibited by diphenylene iodonium and was therefore due directly to the activity of the oxidase, which must be electrogenic. The extent of the depolarization was(More)
Imaging techniques, such as confocal microscopy and fluorescent activated cells scan are facilitating the study of responses at the single-cell level. Superoxide is reported to oxidise the non-fluorescent dihydrorhodamine 123 (DHR) to rhodamine 123. The generation of rhodamine 123 by human neutrophils, stimulated by the phorbol ester phorbol 12-myristate(More)
AIMS The aim of this work is to identify the medicines which interact with the herbal remedy St John's wort (SJW), and the mechanisms responsible. METHODS A systematic review of all the available evidence, including worldwide published literature and spontaneous case reports provided by healthcare professionals and regulatory authorities within Europe has(More)
The efflux of protons through a H+ channel acts as the charge compensation pathway for the electrogenic generation of superoxide (O-2) by human neutrophil NADPH oxidase. It has previously been shown that the N-terminal 230 amino acids of the product of the X-linked chronic granulomatous gene gp91(phox) contain all that is required for it to function as the(More)
The human neutrophil NADPH oxidase-associated H+ channel acts as a charge compensator for the electrogenic generation of superoxide (O2-.). The expression of the channel activity was found to increase in parallel with that of the stimulatable generation of O2-. in differentiated HL60 cells. HL60 cells induced to differentiate in the presence of succinyl(More)
The process by which L- and D-carnitine are absorbed was investigated using the live rat and the isolated vascularly perfused intestine. A lumenal dose of 2-6 nmol in the perfused intestine resulted in less than 5% transport of either isomer to the perfusate in 30 min. The L-isomer was taken up by the intestinal tissue about twice as rapidly as the D-isomer(More)
The rat carotid body tissue reveals a photometrically measurable haem signal with absorbance maxima at 560 nm, 518 nm and 425 nm, suggesting the presence of a b-type cytochrome; this was confirmed by pyridine haemochrome and CO spectra. The quantity of cytochrome b was estimated to be 310 pmol.mg of protein-1. This haem is capable of H2O2 formation, which(More)
Expression of gp91-phox in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO91) cells is correlated with the presence of a voltage-gated H(+) conductance. As one component of NADPH oxidase in neutrophils, gp91-phox is responsible for catalyzing the production of superoxide (O(2).(2)). Suspensions of CHO91 cells exhibit arachidonate-activatable H(+) fluxes (Henderson, L.M., G.(More)