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Caffeine is believed to act by blocking adenosine A(1) and A(2A) receptors (A(1)R, A(2A)R), indicating that some A(1) receptors are tonically activated. We generated mice with a targeted disruption of the second coding exon of the A(1)R (A(1)R(-/-)). These animals bred and gained weight normally and had a normal heart rate, blood pressure, and body(More)
The amyloid Abeta-peptide (Abeta) is suspected to play a critical role in the cascade leading to AD as the pathogen that causes neuronal and synaptic dysfunction and, eventually, cell death. Therefore, it has been the subject of a huge number of clinical and basic research studies on this disease. Abeta is typically found aggregated in extracellular amyloid(More)
The effects of the systemic (i.p.) administration of the selective adenosine A1 receptor agonist N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA) and the selective adenosine A2A receptor agonist sodium 2-p-carboxyethyl)phenylamino-5'-N-carboxamidoadenosine (CGS 21680) on different dopamine receptor agonist-induced behaviours were studied in the male rat. CGS 21680 (1(More)
Behavioural and biochemical evidence for the existence of a powerful specific postsynaptic interaction between adenosine A1 and dopamine D1 receptors in the mammalian brain was found. Behavioural data showed that A1 receptor stimulation induced a decrease in the D1-induced motor activation in reserpinized mice and a decrease in the D1-dependent oral(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a devastating age-related neurodegenerative disease with no specific treatment at present. Several healthy lifestyle options and over-the-counter drugs that it has been suggested delay the onset of the disease are in an experimental phase, but it is unclear whether they will have any therapeutic value against AD. We assayed(More)
Physical exercise has become a potentially beneficial therapy for reducing neurodegeneration symptoms in Alzheimer's disease. Previous studies have shown that cognitive deterioration, anxiety and the startle response observed in 7-month-old 3xTg-AD mice were ameliorated after 6 months of free access to a running wheel. Also, alterations in synaptic response(More)
The pattern of sex differences in a large sample (about 400 for each sex) of F2-generation rats, derived from inbred Roman high- and low-avoidance strains differing in fearfulness and brain functioning, was investigated. We obtained measures from responses to a battery of novel/threatening tests [open field (OF), plus maze (PM), hole board (HB), activity(More)
The Swiss sublines of Roman High-(RHA/Verh) and Low-(RLA/Verh) Avoidance rats have been genetically selected (and outbred) since 1972 because of their good versus extremely poor acquisition of two-way, active avoidance. Inbred strains (RHA-I and RLA-I), derived from those two lines, have been maintained at our laboratory since 1997. The RLA line/strain(More)
Hypoxia/ischemia (HI) is a prevalent reason for neonatal brain injury with inflammation being an inevitable phenomenon following such injury; but there is a scarcity of data regarding the signaling pathway involved and the effector molecules. The signal transducer and activator of transcription factor 3 (STAT3) is known to modulate injury following(More)
Activity-dependent gene expression mediating changes of synaptic efficacy is important for memory storage, but the mechanisms underlying gene transcriptional changes in age-related memory disorders are poorly understood. In this study, we report that gene transcription mediated by the cAMP-response element binding protein (CREB)-regulated transcription(More)