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Gene-expression profiling has had a considerable impact on our understanding of breast cancer biology. During the last 15 years, 5 intrinsic molecular subtypes of breast cancer (Luminal A, Luminal B, HER2-enriched, Basal-like and Claudin-low) have been identified and intensively studied. In this review, we will focus on the current and future clinical(More)
TMPRSS2-ERG rearrangement is a genetic alteration exclusive to prostate cancer, associated with taxane resistance in preclinical models. Its detection in blood samples of metastatic resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients may indicate the presence of circulating tumour cells with this genetic alteration and may predict taxane resistance. To test this(More)
Antibody targeting of the immune checkpoint receptor PD1 produces therapeutic activity in a variety of solid tumors, but most patients exhibit partial or complete resistance to treatment for reasons that are unclear. In this study, we evaluated tumor specimens from 65 patients with melanoma, lung nonsquamous, squamous cell lung or head and neck cancers who(More)
The enumeration of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in peripheral blood correlates with clinical outcome in castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). We analyzed the molecular profiling of peripheral blood from 43 metastatic CRPC patients with known CTC content in order to identify genes that may be related to prostate cancer progression. Global gene(More)
INTRODUCTION Pembrolizumab, a monoclonal antibody directed against the immune checkpoint programmed cell death-1 receptor (PD-1), has improved survival in patients with advanced melanoma. Neuromuscular immune-mediated side effects have been rarely reported. METHODS We describe a 44-year-old man with metastatic melanoma who presented with progressive(More)
Currently, limited data exist on the safety of pembrolizumab in patients with metastatic melanoma who have developed severe immune-related adverse events following treatment with ipilimumab. We report a 45-year-old male patient with BRAF-mutant metastatic melanoma who discontinued treatment with ipilimumab due to treatment-related grade 3 colitis and was(More)
Immune checkpoint inhibitors, such as ipilimumab (an anti-CTLA4 antibody), have become a commonly used therapy in cancer. To date, safety data of patients with underlying autoimmune disease is limited. We present a case of a patient with rheumatoid arthritis who was diagnosed of a BRAF-mutant metastatic melanoma. The patient was treated with ipilimumab and(More)
AIM While both efficacy and safety of anti-PD-1 agents seem to be independent of previous treatment with anti-CTLA-4, limited data exist of efficacy and toxicity of ipilimumab after progression on anti-PD-1 therapy. This retrospective analysis describes the efficacy and safety of sequential therapy with ipilimumab in patients with metastatic melanoma who(More)