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CD6 and CD5 belong to a scavenger-receptor cysteine-rich (SRCR) super family of membrane glycoproteins that are expressed on chronic lymphocytic leukemia B (B-CLL) cells, normal T cells, and a small subset of normal B cells. CD6 configures in the membrane in relation to the cellular activation level and can act as a coreceptor for T-cell activation. We have(More)
In order to identify regulatory genes involved in the development of an apoptosis-resistant phenotype in patients with chemotherapy refractory B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) expression of apoptosis-regulating genes in B-CLL cells was quantified using cDNA arrays and RT-PCR. Data were obtained from and compared between 2 groups of B-CLL patients(More)
Clinical progression of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) depends on survival and accumulation of leukemic cells, regulated in part by physical cell contact and soluble molecules. Here we have studied the Fas/FasL system in relation to clinical progression in B-CLL. Serum levels of soluble Fas (sFas) and FasL (sFasL) were determined by ELISA in 43(More)
The T lymphocyte cell surface molecule, CD6, has been shown in a number of studies to play an important role in T cell activation. Its physiological ligand or function is still unknown. A panel of five anti-CD6 mAbs was used in the present study to investigate the structure-function relationship of this molecule. Cross-blocking assays indicate that three(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of primary HIV-1 infection (PHI) and of two antiretroviral therapies [highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) or reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTI)] on activation, differentiation and survival of B cells. METHODS Naive and memory B cells from three groups [PHI (31), chronic infection (26) and healthy donors(More)
The c-Myc transcription factor is a key regulator of cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. While deregulation of myc induces programmed cell death, defects in the apoptotic program facilitate Myc-driven tumor development. We have treated c-Myc inducible mouse cells and rat fibroblasts with different c-myc status with cytotoxic drugs to explore(More)
Tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL) is a potent activator of the cell death pathway and exerts tumoricidal activity in vivo with minimal toxicity. In order to investigate the therapeutic potential of TRAIL in B chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) we have analyzed the expression of TRAIL receptors (TRAIL-Rs) in leukemic cells(More)
Tumor necrosis factor receptor p55 (TNFRp55) mediates host resistance to several pathogens by allowing microbicidal activities of phagocytes. In the studies reported here, TNFRp55-/- mice infected with the intracellular parasite Trypanosoma cruzi showed clearly higher parasitemia and cumulative mortality than wild-type (WT) controls did. However, gamma(More)
Bmf is a BH3-only Bcl-2 family member that is normally sequestered to myosin V motors by binding to the dynein light chain 2 (DLC2). Certain damage signals release Bmf, which then binds prosurvival Bcl-2 proteins and triggers apoptosis. Here, two novel isoforms of human Bmf, Bmf-II and Bmf-III, were identified and cloned from cDNA derived from B-chronic(More)
B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL) is characterised by the progressive accumulation of monoclonal CD5(+) B cells. In a previous study, we have analysed the expression profile of apoptosis-regulating genes using a cDNA-based microarray and found overexpression of the antiapoptotic bcl-2 family member, bfl-1, in B-CLL cells with an(More)