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BACKGROUND Postoperative bleeding and adhesion formation are the two most common complications after endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS). Continued bleeding risks airway compromise from the inhalation of blood clots and from the aspiration of blood-stained vomitus. Additionally, adhesion formation is the most common reason for patients requiring revision(More)
BACKGROUND Stenosis of sinus ostia following endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) is the most common reason for revision surgery. Chitosan-dextran (CD) gel has been shown to be an effective hemostatic agent; however, its effects on ostial stenosis are unknown. This study aims to quantify the effect of CD gel on circumferential scarring following ESS. METHODS A(More)
A series of mitochondria-targeted antioxidants comprising a lipophilic triphenylphosphonium cation attached to the antioxidant chroman moiety of vitamin E by an alkyl linker have been prepared. The synthesis of a series of mitochondria-targeted vitamin E derivatives with a range of alkyl linkers gave compounds of different hydrophobicities. This work will(More)
A chitosan dextran-based (CD) hydrogel, developed for use in endoscopic sinus surgery, was tested for antimicrobial activity in vitro against a range of pathogenic microorganisms. The microdilution technique was used to determine minimum inhibitory, minimum bactericidal, and minimum fungicidal concentrations. In addition, the time-kill efficacy of CD(More)
BACKGROUND Chitosan-dextran gel has been used as an antihemostatic agent and antiadhesive agent after endoscopic sinus surgery. Because Staphylococcus aureus biofilms have been implicated in recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis, this study aimed to further investigate the (i) anti-inflammatory, (ii) bacterial biofilm inhibition, (iii) antiproliferative(More)
Sixteen new thiazine-quinoline-quinones have been synthesised, plus one bicyclic analogue. These compounds inhibited neutrophil superoxide production in vitro with IC(50)s as low 60 nM. Compounds with high in vitro anti-inflammatory activity were also tested in a mouse model of acute inflammation. The most active compounds inhibited both neutrophil(More)
An injectable and biocompatible hydrogel system was designed for hydrophobic drug delivery. This hydrogel consisted of degradable polymers with cyclodextrin (CD) moieties. CD groups were used to increase the solubility of a hydrophobic molecule (nicardipine) in an aqueous solution through the formation of the inclusion complex. Two sets of gels were(More)
UNLABELLED There is a demand for materials to replace or augment the use of sutures and staples in surgical procedures. Currently available commercial surgical adhesives provide either high bond strength with biological toxicity or polymer and protein-based products that are biologically acceptable (though with potential sensitizing potential) but have much(More)
A series of tris(homoleptic) ruthenium(II) complexes of 2-(1-R-1H-1,2,3-triazol-4-yl)pyridine "click" ligands (R-pytri) with various aliphatic (R = butyl, hexyl, octyl, dodecyl, and hexdecyl) and aromatic (R = phenyl and benzyl) substituents was synthesized in good yields (52%-66%). The [Ru(R-pytri)3](2+)(X(-))2 complexes (where X(-) = PF6(-) or Cl(-)) were(More)