Lyal Collings

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Full thickness skin biopsies were examined from 12 untreated leprosy patients and included five borderline tuberculoid (BT leprosy), five borderline lepromatous (BL leprosy) and two subpolar lepromatous leprosy cases. The non-lymphoid mononuclear cells present in the dermal infiltrates were analysed with immunohistological techniques using monoclonal(More)
Full thickness skin biopsies from four patients with borderline lepromatous leprosy (BL leprosy) have been examined. Immunohistological techniques have been employed to analyse the non-lymphoid mononuclear cells present in the dermal infiltrates associated with the BL lesions. This analysis was performed using three monoclonal antibodies, RFD2 (recognizing(More)
Existing anti-macrophage monoclonal antibodies are unable to differentiate between macrophages and epithelioid cells. In search of more precise reagents, we have applied recently developed antibodies to lesions of sarcoidosis and leprosy. UCHM1 and Leu-M3 stained both granulomas and surrounding histiocytes. However, in lesions with epithelioid granulomas(More)
A method is described which can be used to quantitate class II MHC antigens (HLA-DR) expressed by cells within tissue sections. A mouse anti-human HLA-DR monoclonal antibody is directly conjugated to the fungal enzyme glucose oxidase. The enzyme, in the presence of its substrate can be used to reduce tetrazolium salts to insoluble coloured formazans. The(More)
This paper describes a method for processing fresh tissue that allows immunohistological analysis on paraffin sections. The method is based on the use of periodate-lysine-paraformaldehyde fixation. The effects of variation in fixation time, concentration of paraformaldehyde, dehydration, clearing, wax embedding and enzyme treatment of cut sections were(More)
The virulence of Bordetella bronchiseptica in gnotobiotic piglets was studied by intranasal infection with 11 cultures derived from eight strains isolated from pigs (4), dogs (2), a human subject and a monkey. Six of the cultures contained organisms in phase I and five contained phenotypically different phase-III or -IV organisms. Of the phase-III and -IV(More)
Using a case study design, the aim of this research was to assess and evaluate the activities of the infection control departments in six hospitals. An additional aim was to examine the knowledge base of nursing staff in the clinical setting with regard to hospital policy and systems of infection control audit. The results from the study indicate that five(More)
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