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OBJECTIVE Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a major cause of vision loss in retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Previously, we demonstrated that semaphorin3A (Sema3A), which is a chemorepellent guidance molecule, inhibited the formation of retina neovascularization. In the present study, we investigated the antiangiogenic(More)
OBJECTIVE Pathological retinal angiogenesis is a major cause of vision loss. Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), a chemorepellent guidance protein, plays crucial roles in neural and vascular patterning. To identify its role in retinal neovascularization, we investigated its antiangiogenic effects. METHODS Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were used for(More)
Two members of the roundabout (Robo) family, Robo1 and Robo4, serve as neuronal guidance receptors. During neurogenesis, Robo1 and Robo4 participate in axonal guidance by mediating a repulsive signal. It has been reported that Robo4 is mainly expressed in the vasculature and that Robo1 is expressed both in neural and non-neural tissues. However, the roles(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether 11 variants in complement factor H gene contributed differently in patients with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) of Chinese descent. METHODS We performed a case-control study in a group of Chinese patients with nAMD (n = 344) or PCV (n = 368) and contrasted the(More)
PURPOSE Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), a chemorepellant guidance protein, has been shown to be crucial for neural and vascular remodeling. This study is designed to examine the effects of Sema3A on RPE cell activity both in vitro and in vivo. METHODS Retinal pigment epithelial were incubated with Sema3A, or VEGF- and Sema3A-containing medium. Cell proliferation,(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of blindness, but presents differently in Europeans and Asians. Here, we perform a genome-wide and exome-wide association study on 2,119 patients with exudative AMD and 5,691 controls, with independent replication in 4,226 patients and 10,289 controls, all of East Asian descent, as part of The Genetics(More)
PURPOSE The Roundabout (Robo) family of proteins is related to the transmembrane receptors and plays a major role in neurogenesis. However, the role of the Robo proteins in proliferative retinopathy has not yet been defined. This study was conducted to determine whether Robo1 is expressed in the retina of patients with proliferative retinal disease and(More)
Age-related maculopathy susceptibility 2(ARMS2) was suggested to be associated with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) and polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in multiple genetic studies in Caucasians and Japanese. To date, no biological properties have been attributed to the putative protein in nAMD and PCV. The complete genes of ARMS2(More)
PURPOSE Robo4, a member of the roundabout (Robo) family, acts as a neuronal guidance receptor and plays some role in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. This study investigated the effect of Robo4 on the formation of fibrovascular membranes (FVMs) from patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy and its roles in choroid-retina endothelial (RF/6A) and(More)
PURPOSE SLIT-ROBO signaling acts as a cue in neuronal guidance and plays a role in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis. The aim of this study is to explore the effects of robo1 and slit2 on the formation of fibrovascular membranes (FVMs) in samples from patients with proliferative diabetic retinopathy. The effects of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) on(More)