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OBJECTIVE Choroidal neovascularization (CNV) is a major cause of vision loss in retinal diseases such as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Previously, we demonstrated that semaphorin3A (Sema3A), which is a chemorepellent guidance molecule, inhibited the formation of retina neovascularization. In the present study, we investigated the antiangiogenic(More)
We have systematically investigated the therapeutic potential of cationic liposome-mediated neurotrophic gene transfer for treatment of CNS injury. Following determination of optimal transfection conditions, we examined the effects of dimethylaminoethane-carbamoyl-cholesterol (DC-Chol) liposome-mediated NGF cDNA transfection in injured and uninjured primary(More)
OBJECTIVE Pathological retinal angiogenesis is a major cause of vision loss. Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), a chemorepellent guidance protein, plays crucial roles in neural and vascular patterning. To identify its role in retinal neovascularization, we investigated its antiangiogenic effects. METHODS Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) were used for(More)
Two members of the roundabout (Robo) family, Robo1 and Robo4, serve as neuronal guidance receptors. During neurogenesis, Robo1 and Robo4 participate in axonal guidance by mediating a repulsive signal. It has been reported that Robo4 is mainly expressed in the vasculature and that Robo1 is expressed both in neural and non-neural tissues. However, the roles(More)
We previously demonstrated that inactivation of Rho-kinase by hydroxyfasudil could impact N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) excitatory interneurons in the hippocampus and attenuate the spatial learning and memory dysfunction of rats caused by chronic forebrain hypoperfusion ischemia. Complementary interactions between the excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate and(More)
PURPOSE Semaphorin 3A (Sema3A), a chemorepellant guidance protein, has been shown to be crucial for neural and vascular remodeling. This study is designed to examine the effects of Sema3A on RPE cell activity both in vitro and in vivo. METHODS Retinal pigment epithelial were incubated with Sema3A, or VEGF- and Sema3A-containing medium. Cell proliferation,(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a major cause of blindness, but presents differently in Europeans and Asians. Here, we perform a genome-wide and exome-wide association study on 2,119 patients with exudative AMD and 5,691 controls, with independent replication in 4,226 patients and 10,289 controls, all of East Asian descent, as part of The Genetics(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of central vision loss in the elderly. Degeneration of retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells is a crucial causative factor responsible for the onset and progression of AMD. A2E, a major component of toxic lipofuscin implicated in AMD, is deposited in RPE cells with age. However, the mechanism(More)
PURPOSE The Roundabout (Robo) family of proteins is related to the transmembrane receptors and plays a major role in neurogenesis. However, the role of the Robo proteins in proliferative retinopathy has not yet been defined. This study was conducted to determine whether Robo1 is expressed in the retina of patients with proliferative retinal disease and(More)