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The precedence effect describes the phenomenon whereby echoes are spatially fused to the location of an initial sound by selectively suppressing the directional information of lagging sounds (echo suppression). Echo suppression is a prerequisite for faithful sound localization in natural environments but can break down depending on the behavioral context.(More)
Multichannel, auditory models have been repeatedly used to explain many aspects of human pitch perception. Among the most successful ones are models where pitch is estimated based on an analysis of periodicity in the simulated auditory-nerve firing. This periodicity analysis is typically implemented as a running autocorrelation, i.e., the autocorrelation is(More)
The mammalian auditory system is the temporally most precise sensory modality: To localize low-frequency sounds in space, the binaural system can resolve time differences between the ears with microsecond precision. In contrast, the binaural system appears sluggish in tracking changing interaural time differences as they arise from a low-frequency sound(More)
Many blind people rely on echoes from self-produced sounds to assess their environment. It has been shown that human subjects can use echolocation for directional localization and orientation in a room, but echo-acoustic distance perception--e.g. to determine one's position in a room--has received little scientific attention, and systematic studies on the(More)
Using echolocation, bats can not only locate objects in space but also discriminate objects of different shape. The acoustic image of an object is its impulse response (IR). The current experiments investigate whether bats just perceive changes in echo composition or whether bats perceive the IR itself through a detailed comparison of the emitted sound with(More)
1. We have examined the temporal discharge patterns of single units from the ventral cochlear nucleus (VCN) of anaesthetized guinea-pigs in response to iterated rippled noise (IRN). The pitch range evoked by the stimuli was from 32 to 1000 Hz. 2. Single units were classified into four groups using existing classification schemes: primary-like (PL), onset(More)
The nature of the neural processing underlying the extraction of pitch information from harmonic complex sounds is still unclear. Electrophysiological studies in the auditory nerve and many psychophysical and modeling studies suggest that pitch might be extracted successfully by applying a mechanism like autocorrelation to the temporal discharge patterns of(More)
Echolocating bats can identify three-dimensional objects exclusively through the analysis of acoustic echoes of their ultrasonic emissions. However, objects of the same structure can differ in size, and the auditory system must achieve a size-invariant, normalized object representation for reliable object recognition. This study describes both the(More)
Auditory enhancement describes an improvement in the detection of a tonal signal in a broad-band masker with a spectral gap at the signal frequency if the signal is delayed in its onset relative to the masker. This auditory enhancement may be based on an increase of the effective signal level instead of a decline in the effective masker level. In order to(More)