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Through echolocation, a bat can perceive not only the position of an object in the dark; it can also recognize its 3D structure. A tree, however, is a very complex object; it has thousands of reflective surfaces that result in a chaotic acoustic image of the tree. Technically, the acoustic image of an object is its impulse response (IR), i.e., the sum of(More)
The precedence effect describes the phenomenon whereby echoes are spatially fused to the location of an initial sound by selectively suppressing the directional information of lagging sounds (echo suppression). Echo suppression is a prerequisite for faithful sound localization in natural environments but can break down depending on the behavioral context.(More)
  • L Wiegrebe
  • 2001
Multichannel, auditory models have been repeatedly used to explain many aspects of human pitch perception. Among the most successful ones are models where pitch is estimated based on an analysis of periodicity in the simulated auditory-nerve firing. This periodicity analysis is typically implemented as a running autocorrelation, i.e., the autocorrelation is(More)
Echolocating bats can identify three-dimensional objects exclusively through the analysis of acoustic echoes of their ultrasonic emissions. However, objects of the same structure can differ in size, and the auditory system must achieve a size-invariant, normalized object representation for reliable object recognition. This study describes both the(More)
Their sonar system allows echolocating bats to navigate with high skill through a complex, three- dimensional environment at high speed and low light. The auditory analysis of the echoes of their ultrasonic sounds requires a detailed comparison of the emission and echoes. Here an auditory model of bat sonar is introduced and evaluated against a set of(More)
Temporal integration is a crucial feature of auditory temporal processing. We measured the psychophysical temporal integration of acoustic intensity in the echolocating bat Megaderma lyra using a two-alternative forced-choice procedure. A measuring paradigm was chosen in which the absolute threshold for pairs of short tone pips was determined as a function(More)
The nature of the neural processing underlying the extraction of pitch information from harmonic complex sounds is still unclear. Electrophysiological studies in the auditory nerve and many psychophysical and modeling studies suggest that pitch might be extracted successfully by applying a mechanism like autocorrelation to the temporal discharge patterns of(More)
Using echolocation, bats can not only locate objects in space but also discriminate objects of different shape. The acoustic image of an object is its impulse response (IR). The current experiments investigate whether bats just perceive changes in echo composition or whether bats perceive the IR itself through a detailed comparison of the emitted sound with(More)
Many blind people rely on echoes from self-produced sounds to assess their environment. It has been shown that human subjects can use echolocation for directional localization and orientation in a room, but echo-acoustic distance perception--e.g. to determine one's position in a room--has received little scientific attention, and systematic studies on the(More)
Bats quickly navigate through a highly structured environment relying on echolocation. Large natural objects in the environment, like bushes or trees, produce complex stochastic echoes, which can be characterized by the echo roughness. Previous work has shown that bats can use echo roughness to classify the stochastic properties of natural objects. This(More)