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Haydarpasa Train Station was built as the terminus of the Istanbul-Baghdad and Istanbul-Damascus-Medina railways during the final years of the Ottoman Empire. Its construction started in 1906 by German architects who chose a neo-renaissance German style. They designed a large building, much in accordance with the ambitions of the German investors who were(More)
Spatial and georeferenced information plays an important role in urban land management processes such as spatial planning and environmental management. As many of the processes are increasingly coined by participation of and collaboration between multiple stakeholders, a common medium capable of integrating different types and sources of spatial information(More)
Various urban models have been developed and are used in the urban domain, to perform for example air quality calculation, building energy consumption analysis or traffic simulation. The use of urban models, particularly 3D city models representing the structure of a city in three dimensions, is increasing in urban planning. The consequence of an integrated(More)
Research on the creation and use of 3D city models has made rapid progress recently. An increasing number of cities and regions now own 3D city models or are planning to use them in the future. Especially planning departments see an enormous potential in the use of 3D city models to visually and algorithmically access environmental and spatial impacts of(More)
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